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Nanodiamonds are rapidly emerging as promising carriers for next-generation therapeutics and drug delivery. However, developing future nanoscale devices and arrays that harness these nanoparticles will require unrealized spatial control. Furthermore, single-cell in vitro transfection methods lack an instrument that simultaneously offers the advantages of(More)
Nanodiamond materials can serve as highly versatile platforms for the controlled functionalization and delivery of a wide spectrum of therapeutic elements. In this work, doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), an apoptosis-inducing drug widely used in chemotherapy, was successfully applied toward the functionalization of nanodiamond materials (NDs, 2-8 nm) and(More)
Enhancing chemotherapeutic efficiency through improved drug delivery would facilitate treatment of chemoresistant cancers, such as recurrent mammary tumors and liver cancer. One way to improve drug delivery is through the use of nanodiamond (ND) therapies, which are both scalable and biocompatible. Here, we examined the efficacy of an ND-conjugated(More)
Enhanced specificity in drug delivery aims to improve upon systemic elution methods by locally concentrating therapeutic agents and reducing negative side effects. Due to their robust physical properties, biocompatibility and drug loading capabilities, nanodiamonds serve as drug delivery platforms that can be applied towards the elution of a broad range of(More)
Nanodiamonds (NDs) of 2-8 nm diameters physically bound with the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) were embedded within a parylene C polymer microfilm through a facile and scalable process. The microfilm architecture consists of DOX-ND conjugates sandwiched between a base and thin variable layer of parylene C which allows for modulation(More)
A broad array of water-insoluble compounds has displayed therapeutically relevant properties toward a spectrum of medical and physiological disorders, including cancer and inflammation. However, the continued search for scalable, facile, and biocompatible routes toward mediating the dispersal of these compounds in water has limited their widespread(More)
Aqueous dispersible detonation nanodiamonds (NDs) with a diameter of 2-8 nm were assembled into a closely packed ND multilayer nanofilm with positively charged poly-L-lysine via the layer-by-layer deposition technique. The innate biocompatibility of the NDs in both free-floating and thin-film forms was confirmed via cellular gene expression examination by(More)
The fabrication of biologically amenable interfaces in medicine bridges translational technologies with their surrounding biological environment. Functionalized nanomaterials catalyze this coalescence through the creation of biomimetic and active substrates upon which a spectrum of therapeutic elements can be delivered to adherent cells to address(More)
Parylene is a biologically inert material capable of being deposited in conformal nanoscale layers on virtually any surface, making it a viable structural material for the fabrication of drug delivery devices, as well as implant coatings, sensors, and other biomedical technologies. Here we explore its novel drug delivery applications by using parylene to(More)