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Shikonin is a traditional Oriental medical herb extracted from Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Many studies have shown that shikonin possesses anticancer ability against many different cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, tumor metastasis has been become an important clinical obstacle. However, the effect of shikonin on metastasis by HCC(More)
Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) plays an essential role in embryonic development and in the progression and therapeutic resistance of many cancers. However, little is known about the function of GRP78 in hormone-independent prostate cancer. Here, we found that the expression levels of GRP78 were higher in PC-3 cells than in DU-145 cells. When the(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a safe and effective treatment for gallbladder disease in elderly patients. However, there is little convincing prospective data regarding the outcome of LC in patients above 75 years of age. METHODS Fifty-six cholecystitis patients were enrolled. Group 1 consisted of 17 patients above 76-years-old, group 2 of(More)
Metastasis is the most life-threatening complication in all cancers. The chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is expressed at high levels in many breast-cancer tumors and may modulate metastasis. We compared the time-to-metastasis and the sites of metastasis between breast-cancer tumors expressing CXCR4 at high or low levels. We enrolled 191 early breast cancer(More)
Thrombomodulin (TM) has been shown to regulate many physiological and pathological processes, including inflammation, thrombosis, and tumor progression. TM is also a natural anticoagulant that maintains circulatory homeostasis in endothelial cells. However, little is known regarding the role of TM in the progression and metastasis of cervical cancer.(More)
Cervical cancer is an important health issue for women worldwide, and the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway is important for determining the chemotherapeutic response to cancer. However, the role of glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94) in taxane therapy for cervical cancer remains unclear. In this study, we generated GRP94 knockdown (GRP94-KD) Hela cells(More)
Survivin is an antiapoptotic molecule that is widely expressed in cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Survivin has become a general therapeutic target for cancers because of its selective overexpression in a majority of tumors. However, little is known regarding the effect of survivin expression in combination with gemcitabine on HCC. We(More)
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