Hossein Tavana

Learn More
We describe a bioinspired microfluidic system that resembles pulmonary airways and enables on-chip generation of airway occluding liquid plugs from a stratified air-liquid two-phase flow. User-defined changes in the air stream pressure facilitated by mechanical components and tuning the wettability of the microchannels enable generation of well-defined(More)
A critical need for enhancing usability and capabilities of microfluidic technologies is the development of standardized, scalable, and versatile control systems1,2. Electronically controlled valves and pumps typically used for dynamic flow regulation, although useful, can limit convenience, scalability, and robustness3-5. This shortcoming has motivated(More)
Microscale biopatterning enables regulation of cell-material interactions and cell shape, and enables multiplexed high-throughput studies in a cell- and reagent-efficient manner. The majority of available techniques rely on physical contact of a stamp, pin, or mask with mainly a dry surface. Inkjet and piezoelectric printing is carried out in a non-contact(More)
Multicellular organisms must have means of preserving their genomic integrity or face catastrophic consequences such as uncontrolled cell proliferation or massive cell death. One response is a modification of nuclear proteins by the addition and removal of polymers of ADP-ribose that modulate the properties of DNA-binding proteins involved in DNA repair and(More)
The application of a transfer function model (TFM) in a real-time dynamic traffic assignment system is investigated. The motivation is to improve the speed estimation method to enable better system consistency with reality in real-time operation. The study is conducted by adopting a TFM derived from actual detector data in San Antonio, Texas. This model is(More)
We introduce a non-contact approach to microprint multiple types of feeder cells in a microarray format using immiscible aqueous solutions of two biopolymers. Droplets of cell suspension in the denser aqueous phase are printed on a substrate residing within a bath of the immersion aqueous phase. Due to their affinity to the denser phase, cells remain(More)
The document below provides details on contact angle, atomic force microscopy, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements described in the manuscript. We calculated the surface tension of PDMS surfaces using experimental liquid surface tension and contact angle data and the procedure below. Young's equation relates the three interfacial tensions (γ(More)
Spheroids present a biologically relevant model of avascular tumors and a unique tool for discovery of anti-cancer drugs. Despite being used in research laboratories for several decades, spheroids are not routinely used for drug discovery primarily due to the difficulty of mass-producing uniformly-sized spheroids and intense labor involved in handling, drug(More)
Controlling cellular microenvironment to induce neural differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) remains a major challenge. We address this need by introducing a micro-engineered co-culture system that resembles embryonic development in terms of direct intercellular interactions and induces neural differentiation of ESCs. A polymeric aqueous two-phase(More)
Deriving specific neural cells from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is a promising approach for cell replacement therapies of neurodegenerative diseases. When co-cultured with certain stromal cells, mouse ESCs (mESCs) differentiate efficiently to neural cells. In this study, a comprehensive gene and protein expression analysis of differentiating mESCs is(More)