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BACKGROUND Nowadays, medical imaging equipments produce digital form of medical images. In a modern health care environment, new systems such as PACS (picture archiving and communication systems), use the digital form of medical image too. The digital form of medical images has lots of advantages over its analog form such as ease in storage and(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of recovering degraded images using multivariate Gaussian mixture model (GMM) as a prior. The GMM framework in our method for image restoration is based on the assumption that the accumulation of similar patches in a neighborhood are derived from a multivariate Gaussian probability distribution with a specific(More)
The performance of various estimators, such as maximum a posteriori (MAP) is strongly dependent on correctness of the proposed model for noise-free data distribution. Therefore, the selection of a proper model for distribution of wavelet coefficients is important in the wavelet based image denoising. This paper presents a new image denoising algorithm based(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful and noninvasive method for retinal imaging. In this paper, we introduce a fast segmentation method based on a new variant of spectral graph theory named diffusion maps. The research is performed on spectral domain (SD) OCT images depicting macular and optic nerve head appearance. The presented approach does(More)
Noise reduction in the wavelet domain can be expressed as an estimation problem in a Bayesian framework. So, the proposed distribution for the noise-free wavelet coefficients plays a key role in the performance of wavelet-based image/ video denoising. This paper presents a new image/video denoising algorithm based on the modeling of wavelet coefficients in(More)
Red lesions in the form of Microaneurysms (MAs) and Hemorrhages (HMs) are among the first explicit signs of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Hence robust detection of these lesions is an important diagnostic task in computer assistance systems. In this paper we present a new curvelet based algorithm to separate these red lesions from the rest of the color retinal(More)
Plasma cells are developed from B lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells that is generated in the bone marrow. The plasma cells produce antibodies to fight with bacteria and viruses and stop infection and disease. Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells that collections of abnormal plasma cells (myeloma cells) accumulate in the bone marrow. The(More)
INTRODUCTION Diabetes disturbs many parts of the body. One of the most common and serious complications of this disease is Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). In this process, blood vessels of the retina are damaged and leak into the retina. In later stages, DR affects the fovea. In these cases, the shape and size of the Foveal Avascular Zone (FAZ), which is(More)
In this paper, we proposed novel noise reduction algorithms that can be used to enhance image quality in various medical imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance and multidetector computed tomography. The noisy captured 3-D data are first transformed by discrete complex wavelet transform. Using a nonlinear function, we model the data as the sum of the(More)