Hossein Navabi

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Interest has recently been shown in adapting the microwave oven heating technique for antigen retrieval to routine diagnostic immunocytochemical practice. Although it has proved effective as a specialist method for individual antigen localization in many laboratories, it has certain drawbacks which have hampered its wider routine application. These include(More)
Exosomes are nanometer-sized vesicles secreted by a diverse range of live cells that probably have physiological roles in modulating cellular immunity. The extracellular factors that regulate the quantity and phenotype of exosomes produced are poorly understood, and the properties of exosomes that dictate their immune functions are not yet clear. We(More)
High-temperature preheating of sections in the presence of a salt (e.g., citrate) or a protein denaturant (e.g., urea) solution has been shown recently to provide a reliable alternative to tissue proteolysis for antigen retrieval from formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. However, the underlying mechanism of action of this form of pretreatment(More)
We present a simple yet powerful method for the isolation and analysis of exosomes released by antigen-presenting cells (APC). Exosomes are small vesicles (40-90 nm) released by APC, and may have an immuno-regulatory function in vivo. Such exosomes originate from MHC class II peptide loading compartments and, as such, express high levels of MHC Class II. We(More)
Human papilloma virus (HPV) found in 99.7% of cervical cancers represents an attractive immunotherapeutic target for novel adjuvant dendritic cell (DC) immunotherapy. DC primed with HPV antigens have been shown to be capable of inducing CTL responses powerful enough to eradicate established murine tumours expressing HPV16 antigen. The use of tumour lysate(More)
Despite initial response to chemotherapy, at least 50% of ovarian cancer patients will relapse within 18 months. Progression-free survival is related to tumour infiltration with cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). We recently demonstrated that CD8+ T cell responses to recall antigens improve following tumour response to chemotherapy. Vaccination designed to(More)
Therapeutic vaccination against cancer-associated antigens represents an attractive option for cancer therapy in view of its potential efficacy, the possibility of long-lasting immunity against the cancer, and safety profile. Cancer patients are however usually immunosuppressed and most cancer-associated antigens are 'self-antigens', making it a significant(More)
Metallothionein (MT) overexpression occurs frequently in human tumours but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Morphologically normal-appearing mucosa from human colorectal carcinoma resection specimens and of the colons of ageing laboratory mice contains scattered single crypts whose cells show uniformly increased MT immunostaining, suggesting that MT(More)
To ensure the accuracy and reproducibility of immunohistochemical assays for determining HER-2/neu status of patients with breast cancer, a reliable standard for monitoring assay sensitivity is necessary. We optimally fixed and paraffin processed human ovarian and breast carcinoma cell lines SKOV-3, MDA-MB-453, BT-20, and MCF-7 in quantities sufficient to(More)
Cervical cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in women worldwide. It is almost invariably associated with infection with human papilloma virus (HPV) particularly types 16 and 18. The ubiquitous expression of E6 and E7 oncogene products has been recognised as an attractive target for CTL-mediated immunotherapy. In-vivo expansion of an HPV(More)