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Fibronectin type III domain-containing 5 protein (Fndc5) or peroxisomal protein, is a type I membrane protein that has 209 amino acid residues. Previous studies by our group have shown an increase in its expression after retinoic acid treatment of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) during the process of neural differentiation, leading us to conclude that it(More)
The CD133(+) bone marrow cell (BMC) population includes primitive multipotent stem cells which induce neoangiogenesis. Studies suggested transplantation of these cells to infarcted myocardium can have a favorable impact on tissue perfusion and contractile performance. We assessed the feasibility, safety and functional outcomes of autologus CD133(+) BMC(More)
Analysis of gene expression to define molecular mechanisms and pathways involved in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) proliferation and differentiations has allowed for further deciphering of the self-renewal and pluripotency characteristics of hESC. Proteins associated with hESCs were discovered through isobaric tags for relative and absolute(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive and irreversible decline of memory. Neuropathological features include the progressive degeneration of cholinergic neurons in the forebrain cholinergic projection system especially nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM). New cell therapeutic approaches for the(More)
Global gene expression analysis of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) that differentiate into neural cells would help to further define the molecular mechanisms involved in neurogenesis in humans. We performed a comprehensive transcripteome analysis of hESC differentiation at three different stages: early neural differentiation, neural ectoderm, and(More)
BACKGROUND The conversion of astrocytes to neuroblasts holds great promise for treatment of neurodegenerative and traumatic brain diseases. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here we have shown that adult human astrocytes could be reprogrammed to neuroblasts by miR-302/367, both in vivo and in vitro. However, the reprogramming of adult mouse astrocytes to(More)
OBJECTIVE Ecstasy, or 3, 4 (±) methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), is a potent neurotoxic drug. One of the mechanisms for its toxicity is the secondary release of glutamate. Mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) express only one glutamate receptor, the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5), which is involved in the maintenance and self-renewal of mESCs.(More)
Induction of demyelination in the central nervous system induce the oligodendrocyte progenitors to proliferate, migrate, and differentiate for restoring new myelin sheathes around demyelinated axons. Factors which increase the response of endogenous progenitor cells could be used to improve remyelination. In the current study, the effect of bFGF on(More)
Understanding neuroectoderm formation and its subsequent diversification to functional neural subtypes remains elusive. We have shown here for the first time that embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can differentiate into neurons and motor neurons (MNs) by using a coculture embryonic notochord model in vitro. Mouse ESCs were induced to form neural precursors via(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, we have shown that peroxisomal protein expression was induced upon retinoic acid treatment in mouse embryonic stem cells during the process of neurogenesis. Thus, characterization of the respective promoter could elucidate the molecular aspects of transcriptional regulation of this gene. METHODS Using the conventional software(More)