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Fibronectin type III domain-containing 5 protein (Fndc5) or peroxisomal protein, is a type I membrane protein that has 209 amino acid residues. Previous studies by our group have shown an increase in its expression after retinoic acid treatment of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) during the process of neural differentiation, leading us to conclude that it(More)
The fine structure of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell colonies was analysed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Most of the ES cells had numerous microvilli of different lengths. Coated pits and vesicles were also seen along areas of the peripheral cytoplasm and plasma membranes. Junctional complexes including gap junctions were observed(More)
PURPOSE A new strategy of treating ocular surface reconstruction is to transplant a bioengineered graft by expanding limbal stem cells (SCs) ex vivo on the amniotic membrane (AM). The reasons for the exceptional success on the AM are not fully understood but are believed to be related to its unique composition. We investigated the proteome of the(More)
Optimization and development of better defined culture methods for human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells (hESCs and hiPSCs) will provide an invaluable contribution to the field of regenerative medicine. However, one problem is the vulnerability of hESCs and hiPSCs to apoptosis that causes a low plating efficiency upon passaging. Herein, we have(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) components significantly influence the growth characteristics of cardiomyocytes, development of spontaneous contractile activity and morphologic differentiation. The present study involves characterization of ES cell-derived cardiomyocytes cultured on different ECMs. We hypothesized that cardiogel, which is a naturally occurring(More)
The recent generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from somatic cells provides an invaluable resource for drug or toxicology screening, medical research, and patient-specific cell therapy. However, there are currently a number of obstacles including virus integration and the genetic alteration of iPSCs that will need to be overcome before these(More)
Gene expression analyses of stem cells (SCs) will help to uncover or further define signaling pathways and molecular mechanisms involved in the maintenance of self-renewal, pluripotency, and/or multipotency. In recent years, proteomic approaches have produced a wealth of data identifying proteins and mechanisms involved in SC proliferation and(More)
Human pluripotent embryonic stem cells (hESC) have great promise for research into human developmental biology and the development of cell therapies for the treatment of diseases. To meet the increased demand for characterized hESC lines, we present the derivation and characterization of five hESC lines on mouse embryonic fibroblast cells. Our stem cell(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have enormous potential as a source of cells for cell replacement therapies and as a model for early human development. In this study we examined the differentiating potential of hESCs into hepatocytes in two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) culture systems. Embryoid bodies (EBs) were inserted into a collagen scaffold 3D(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive and irreversible decline of memory. Neuropathological features include the progressive degeneration of cholinergic neurons in the forebrain cholinergic projection system especially nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM). New cell therapeutic approaches for the(More)