Hossam M. Ashour

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Brucellosis causes appreciable economic losses in livestock. Examination of milk and tissues from animals in Egypt for Brucella spp. showed increased prevalence rates of serologically reactive animals. All isolates were B. melitensis biovar 3. One Brucella sp. was isolated from milk of serologically nonreactive buffaloes.
Nosocomial infections pose significant threats to hospitalized patients, especially the immunocompromised ones, such as cancer patients. This study examined the microbial spectrum of gram-negative bacteria in various infection sites in patients with leukemia and solid tumors. The antimicrobial resistance patterns of the isolated bacteria were studied. The(More)
Ags introduced into the anterior chamber (AC) of the eye induce a form of peripheral immune tolerance termed AC-associated immune deviation (ACAID). ACAID mitigates ocular autoimmune diseases and promotes corneal allograft survival. Ags injected into the AC are processed by F4/80(+) APCs, which migrate to the thymus and spleen. In the spleen, ocular APCs(More)
PURPOSE Cancer patients are particularly susceptible to nosocomial infections because of their compromised immune system, and because of the nature of treatment practices they experience. Recently, a shift of the microbial spectrum of cancer patients from gram-negative to gram-positive has been demonstrated. This study analyzed the distribution and the(More)
Eucalyptus species leaves have been traditionally used to heal wounds and fungal infections. Essential oils and extracts of some Eucalyptus species possess antimicrobial and antitumor properties. We sought to determine antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of oils and extracts of leaves, stems, and flowers of Eucalyptus sideroxylon and Eucalyptus torquata(More)
Anterior chamber-associated immune deviation (ACAID) is a form of peripheral tolerance that is induced by introducing Ags into the anterior chamber (AC) of the eye, and is maintained by Ag-specific regulatory T cells (Tregs). ACAID regulates harmful immune responses that can lead to irreparable injury to innocent bystander cells that are incapable of(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence, levels of antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance mechanisms of Pseudomonas. METHODS A total of 445 clinical isolates and 200 environmental isolates were collected from three hospitals in Minia, Egypt. The MICs of different antibiotics were determined using the agar dilution method. The isolates were tested for(More)
Brucellosis is a serious disease that primarily affects animals, which act as reservoirs for human infection. There is scanty data on brucellosis prevalence in cattle and humans in Mediterranean countries. Control of brucellosis in animals, and thus prevention of human disease, depends on utilizing efficient diagnostic procedures. In order to explore(More)
With the re-emergence of older antibiotics as valuable choices for treatment of serious infections, we studied the aminoglycoside resistance of Gram-negative bacteria isolated from patients with ear, urinary tract, skin, and gastrointestinal tract infections at Minia university hospital in Egypt. Escherichia coli (mainly from urinary tract and(More)