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In this study, we determined the internal cellular pH response of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum to the external pH created by the microorganisms themselves or by lactic or acetic acids and their salts added to the growth medium. Growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides stopped when its internal pH reached 5.4 to 5.7, and growth of L.(More)
Escherichia coli produces two distinct species of catalase, hydroperoxidases I and II, which differ in kinetic properties and regulation. To further examine catalase regulation, a lacZ fusion was placed into one of the genes that is involved in catalase synthesis. Transductional mapping revealed the fusion to be either allelic with or very close to katE, a(More)
Exposure of Escherichia coli growing in a rich medium to pyocyanine resulted in increased intracellular levels of superoxide dismutase and of catalase. When these adaptive enzyme syntheses were prevented by nutritional paucity, the toxic action of pyocyanine was augmented. The antibiotic action of pyocyanine was dependent upon oxygen and was diminished by(More)
Iron, particularly in the ferrous state plays a role in regulating the biosynthesis of the manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in Escherichia coli B. Addition of iron has a repressive effect on the synthesis of MnSOD under normal or inducing conditions (i.e. in the presence of paraquat). Addition of manganese to cultures already depressed for MnSOD(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium must successfully transition the broad fluctuations in oxygen concentrations encountered in the host. In Escherichia coli, FNR is one of the main regulatory proteins involved in O2 sensing. To assess the role of FNR in serovar Typhimurium, we constructed an isogenic fnr mutant in the virulent wild-type strain (ATCC(More)
A chimeric plasmid (pYT760-ADH1) containing the yeast killer toxin-immunity cDNA was transformed into a leucine-histidine mutant (AH22) and into four industrial toxin-sensitive yeasts. The chimeric plasmid was very stable and expressed toxin production (89.5 +/- 4.8% killer cells) in two of the transformed yeasts that contained the 2mu plasmid, but was lost(More)
Paraquat mediates a superoxide dismutase-inhibitable reduction of cytochrome c by suspensions of Escherichia coli B. Glucose was most effective in providing electrons for this cytochrome c reduction, but other nutrients could serve in this capacity, provided the cells were preconditioned by growth on these nutrients. Paraquat reduction depended upon a(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is a Gram-negative pathogen that must successfully adapt to the broad fluctuations in the concentration of dissolved dioxygen encountered in the host. In Escherichia coli, ArcA (Aerobic Respiratory Control) helps the cells to sense and respond to the presence of dioxygen. The global role of ArcA in E.(More)