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Unfortunately, informal payments for health care are responsible for a considerable share of pa-tients' out-of-pocket payments in Iran (1, 2). Almost all health care users and providers are familiar with such payments with the name of " under the table payments " in Iran (3). About half of Iranian health care seekers have faced with such payments at least… (More)
In the modern world, with developed traveling facilities, tourism is an important factor in emerging new infectious diseases in non-endemic areas. Therefore, the epidemiology of infections is a considerable issue for physicians and should be taken into account. We report a case of melioidosis in a 69-year-old Iranian man during his trip to Southeast Asia.… (More)
BACKGROUND Because of the rapid aging rate, the share of health expenditure in gross domestic product rises irreversibly and increases concern among politicians and the general public. The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of the Baumol's model of unbalanced growth in Iran over the period 1981-2010. METHODS This theoretical-analytical study… (More)
Dually flat Finsler metrics form a special and valuable class of Finsler metrics in Finsler information geometry, which play a very important role in studying flat Finsler information structure. In this paper, we prove that every locally dually flat generalized Randers metric with isotropic S-curvature is locally Minkowskian.
Aim of this research was investigating influence of preschool on academic achievement and social adjustment on first grade elementary school students in Torbat-Heydarieh. Stattical sample included 3500 male and female students of first grade elementary in 140 elementary schools in Torbat-Heydarieh. Random cluster sampling method selected in order to test… (More)