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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-level laser irradiation on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and the interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentration in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) during orthodontic treatment. In this randomized split-mouth double blind clinical trial, 11 female patients aged 14 to 25 years (mean 19 ± 4.21 year),(More)
INTRODUCTION The current study investigated the pulp response to electric pulp testing (EPT), before, upon initiation and one month after the start of orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 402 anterior teeth from 39 patients (mean age of 16.8±2.7 years) were examined in this non-controlled prospective study. The aligning forces were(More)
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