Learn More
OBJECTIVE To report a patient with tremor, multifocal myoclonus, and fasciculations, possibly induced by the antiepileptic drug topiramate. CASE REPORT A 46-year-old woman with frequent episodes of migraine without aura that were not controlled with other prophylactic drug, developed a reversible clinical picture of postural tremor, multifocal myoclonus,(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT) is the main metabolizing enzyme of histamine (a mediator of inflammation implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis-MS) in the CNS. We have investigated the possible association between a single nucleotide polymorphism of the HNMT (chromosome 2q22.1), that causes the amino acid substitution Thr105Ile(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Slowing of motor performance in human aging is a well demonstrated clinical observation. Information on the influence of gender in motor performance is less well-established. With the aim of analyzing the possible influence of age and gender in motor performance, we studied basic motor function in a large series of healthy sex-matched(More)
We conducted a case-control study searching for a possible role of environment in the risk of essential tremor (ET). We interviewed 142 ET patients and 284 age- and sex-matched controls about a family history of ET, exposure to environmental products containing lead, mercury, manganese, solvents and beta-carbolines, and exposure to agricultural work, well(More)
Essential tremor (ET) is a common movement disorder with an estimated prevalence of 5% of the population aged over 65 years. In spite of intensive efforts, the genetic architecture of ET remains unknown. We used a combination of whole-exome sequencing and targeted resequencing in three ET families. In vitro and in vivo experiments in oligodendrocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in cerebello-thalamo-cortical pathways have been suggested as a basis for essential tremor (ET). Two voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies, each using a 1.5-T magnet, evaluated ET patients, leading to contradictory results. Using a 3-T magnet, we assessed whether white or gray matter changes occurred in ET patients vs. controls. (More)
The blood-brain barrier supplies brain tissues with nutrients and filters certain compounds from the brain back to the bloodstream. In several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), there are disruptions of the blood-brain barrier. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been widely investigated in PD and in other parkinsonian syndromes with(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Histamine has been implicated in the pathogenesis of migraine. In the CNS, histamine is almost exclusively metabolized by the polymorphic enzyme histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT). The HNMT gene (chromosome 2q22.1), shows diverse single nucleotide polymorphisms. One of these, located in exon 4 C314T, causes the amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine has been implicated in the pathogenesis of migraine. We investigated the possible association between functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the diamine oxidase gene (DAO; chromosome 7q36.1, involved in histamine metabolism) and the risk for migraine. METHODS We studied the frequency of the rs2052129, rs10156191,(More)
BACKGROUND Some epidemiological, genetic, and experimental data suggest a possible role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Data on the possible contribution of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene to the risk for MS are controversial.(More)