Horst Samulowitz

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Algorithm portfolios aim to increase the robustness of our ability to solve problems efficiently. While recently proposed algorithm selection methods come ever closer to identifying the most appropriate solver given an input instance, they are bound to make wrong and, at times, costly decisions. Solver scheduling has been proposed to boost the performance(More)
We present a novel approach to solving Quantified Boolean Formulas (QBF) that combines a search-based QBF solver with machine learning techniques. We show how classification methods can be used to predict run-times and to choose optimal heuristics both within a portfolio-based, and within a dynamic, online approach. In the dynamic method variables are set(More)
Different solution approaches for combinatorial problems often exhibit incomparable performance that depends on the concrete problem instance to be solved. Algorithm portfolios aim to combine the strengths of multiple algorithmic approaches by training a classifier that selects or schedules solvers dependent on the given instance. We devise a new classifier(More)
Automatic algorithm configurators are important practical tools for improving program performance measures, such as solution time or prediction accuracy. Local search approaches in particular have proven very effective for tuning algorithms. In sequential local search, the use of predictive models has proven beneficial for obtaining good tuning results. We(More)
QBF is the problem of deciding the satisfiability of quantified boolean formulae in which variables can be either universally or existentially quantified. QBF generalizes SAT (SAT is QBF under the restriction all variables are existential) and is in practice much harder to solve than SAT. One of the sources of added complexity in QBF arises from the(More)
When tackling a computationally challenging combinatorial problem, one often observes that some solution approaches work well on some instances, while other approaches work better on other instances. This observation has given rise to the idea of building algorithm portfolios [5]. Leyton-Brown et al. [1], for instance, proposed to select one of the(More)
The ability to model search in a constraint solver can be an essential asset for solving combinatorial problems. However, existing infrastructure for defining search heuristics is often inadequate. Either modeling capabilities are extremely limited or users are faced with a general-purpose programming language whose features are not tailored towards writing(More)
In this paper we investigate the use of preprocessing when solving Quantified Boolean Formulas (QBF). Many different problems can be efficiently encoded as QBF instances, and there has been a great deal of recent interest and progress in solving such instances efficiently. Ideas from QBF have also started to migrate to CSP with the exploration of Quantified(More)
We consider the task of assigning experts from a portfolio of specialists in order to solve a set of tasks. We apply a Bayesian model which combines collaborative filtering with a feature-based description of tasks and experts to yield a general framework for managing a portfolio of experts. The model learns an embedding of tasks and problems into a latent(More)