Horst Posthaus

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The autoimmune disease pemphigus vulgaris (PV) manifests as loss of keratinocyte cohesion triggered by autoantibody binding to desmoglein (Dsg)3, an intercellular adhesion molecule of mucous membranes, epidermis, and epidermal stem cells. Here we describe a so far unknown signaling cascade activated by PV antibodies. It extends from a transient enhanced(More)
 A virus was isolated from tissues of 2 diseased Hermann’s tortoises (Testudo hermanni) and preliminarily characterized as an iridovirus. This conclusion was based on the presence of inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of infected cells, sensitivity to chloroform, inhibition of virus replication by 5-iodo-2′-desoxyuridine and the size and icosahedral(More)
Sequence analysis of the adhesion molecule E-cadherin had revealed a multibasic motif [4PArg-Gln-Lys-Arg1P], reminiscent of the minimal cleavage signal for furin, the prototype of the proprotein convertase family, and/or other members sharing similar sequence specificity. Mutation of this site was sufficient to abolish processing of E-cadherin in(More)
Proprotein convertases (PCs) are known to activate many important molecules and their overexpression plays a significant role in tumor progression. Only little is known about the involvement of PCs in the processing of cadherin adhesion molecules, which are potent tumor suppressors. Here we show in a baculovirus overexpression system that the desmosomal(More)
Seventy-two lynx, found dead in the Swiss Alps and the Jura Mountains (Switzerland) from 1987-99, were evaluated to determine the cause of death. Seventy-two per cent (52/72) of all animals died because of noninfectious diseases or causes such as vehicular collision and poaching. Eighteen percent (13/72) died from infectious diseases, including some which(More)
A 10-year-old male, neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented with fever, anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea. Serologic testing for Feline immunodeficiency virus and Feline leukemia virus were negative. Fine-needle aspirates of mesenteric lymph nodes revealed the presence of banana-shaped apicomplexan parasites. The cat died after 4 days of(More)
Cardiomyopathies are severe degenerative disorders of the myocardium that lead to heart failure. During the last three decades bovine dilated cardiomyopathy (BDCMP) was observed worldwide in cattle of Holstein-Friesian origin. In the Swiss cattle population BDCMP affects Fleckvieh and Red Holstein breeds. The heart of affected animals is enlarged due to(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the main cause of human tuberculosis. Infection in companion animals is mainly acquired from close contact to a diseased human patient and hence rarely diagnosed in countries with low tuberculosis incidence rates. Therefore the general awareness of the disease might be low. Here we report the potential risk of infection for(More)
Despite the pivotal role of beta-catenin in a variety of biological processes, conditional beta-catenin gene ablation in the skin of transgenic mice failed to affect interfollicular epidermal morphogenesis. We elucidated the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. Long-term cultures of homozygous, heterozygous and beta-catenin-null mutant(More)
Clostridium perfringens type C isolates cause fatal, segmental necro-hemorrhagic enteritis in animals and humans. Typically, acute intestinal lesions result from extensive mucosal necrosis and hemorrhage in the proximal jejunum. These lesions are frequently accompanied by microvascular thrombosis in affected intestinal segments. In previous studies we(More)