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The autoimmune disease pemphigus vulgaris (PV) manifests as loss of keratinocyte cohesion triggered by autoantibody binding to desmoglein (Dsg)3, an intercellular adhesion molecule of mucous membranes, epidermis, and epidermal stem cells. Here we describe a so far unknown signaling cascade activated by PV antibodies. It extends from a transient enhanced(More)
Sequence analysis of the adhesion molecule E-cadherin had revealed a multibasic motif [4PArg-Gln-Lys-Arg1P], reminiscent of the minimal cleavage signal for furin, the prototype of the proprotein convertase family, and/or other members sharing similar sequence specificity. Mutation of this site was sufficient to abolish processing of E-cadherin in(More)
Seventy-two lynx, found dead in the Swiss Alps and the Jura Mountains (Switzerland) from 1987-99, were evaluated to determine the cause of death. Seventy-two per cent (52/72) of all animals died because of noninfectious diseases or causes such as vehicular collision and poaching. Eighteen percent (13/72) died from infectious diseases, including some which(More)
A virus was isolated from tissues of 2 diseased Hermann's tortoises (Testudo hermanni) and preliminarily characterized as an iridovirus. This conclusion was based on the presence of inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of infected cells, sensitivity to chloroform, inhibition of virus replication by 5-iodo-2'-desoxyuridine and the size and icosahedral(More)
The native cold-adapted brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) is often the subject of biomonitoring field studies. Groups of trout were exposed to a sudden temperature rise, from 8 degrees C to 19 degrees C for two hours, and thereafter set back to 8 degrees C. Gill samples of control animals, of fish after the exposure period, and after 24 and 48 hours of(More)
Despite the pivotal role of beta-catenin in a variety of biological processes, conditional beta-catenin gene ablation in the skin of transgenic mice failed to affect interfollicular epidermal morphogenesis. We elucidated the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. Long-term cultures of homozygous, heterozygous and beta-catenin-null mutant(More)
We report a case of tularemia in a common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) diagnosed by determination of the isolate's 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequence. Pathological examination of the animal revealed a multifocal acute necrotizing hepatitis, interstitial nephritis, splenitis, and lymphangitis of the mandibular, retropharyngeal, and cervical and(More)
Proprotein convertases (PCs) are known to activate many important molecules and their overexpression plays a significant role in tumor progression. Only little is known about the involvement of PCs in the processing of cadherin adhesion molecules, which are potent tumor suppressors. Here we show in a baculovirus overexpression system that the desmosomal(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the main cause of human tuberculosis. Infection in companion animals is mainly acquired from close contact to a diseased human patient and hence rarely diagnosed in countries with low tuberculosis incidence rates. Therefore the general awareness of the disease might be low. Here we report the potential risk of infection for(More)
Beta-toxin (CPB) is known to be the major virulence factor of Clostridium perfringens type C strains, which cause necrotizing enteritis in pigs, sheep, goats, calves, and humans. The exact mode of action, in particular the cellular targets of CPB in the intestine of naturally affected species, is however still not resolved. To investigate localization of(More)