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Previous studies have identified high numbers of intraepithelial T lymphocytes to be associated with good prognosis in various types of cancer. Few studies addressing this issue have been published for colorectal cancer. In a simulated prospective approach ("phase II prognostic factor study"), all nonmetachronous International Union Against Cancer (UICC)(More)
AIMS The term tumour 'budding' has been coined for the detachment of tumour cells from the neoplastic glands of adenocarcinomas and is presumed to be an early step in the metastatic process. A limited number of studies have shown budding to be an adverse prognostic factor. METHODS AND RESULTS All primary single, non-metachronous TNM stage I/II colorectal(More)
Proliferation of fibrotic tissue (desmoplasia) is one of the hallmarks of several epithelial tumors including pancreatic adenocarcinoma. This tissue reaction may be deleterious or advantageous to the host or tumor. In a systematic analysis, we identified two growth factors expressed by human pancreatic carcinoma cells that are positively correlated with the(More)
Urinary calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals and crystal agglomerates are normally harmlessly excreted, but in nephrolithiasis they are retained by tubular epithelial cells and shifted into the renal interstitium. This crystalline material induces an inflammatory response consisting of an increase in the number of interstitial cells and an expansion of the(More)
Pancreatic cancer can seldom be resected, and chemotherapy has only a limited effect on survival or tumour load. We did a phase I/II trial in 14 patients with pancreatic cancer to assess the safety of local activation of low-dose ifosfamide. We encapsulated genetically modified allogeneic cells, which expressed a cytochrome P450 enzyme, in cellulose(More)
Mitochondria are organelles of all nucleated cells, and variations in mtDNA sequence affect a wide spectrum of human diseases. However, animal models for mtDNA-associated diseases are rare, making it challenging to explore mechanisms underlying the contribution of mitochondria. Here, we identify a polymorphism in the mitochondrial genome, G-to-T at position(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) [MIM 263200] belongs to a group of congenital hepatorenal fibrocystic syndromes and is caused by mutations in the PKHD1 gene encoding the multidomain protein fibrocystin/polyductin (FPC). The serine-threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is one of the most important gate-keepers(More)
The prognosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is poor and current treatment ineffective. A novel treatment strategy is described here using a mouse model system for pancreatic cancer. Cells that have been genetically modified to express the cytochrome P450 2B1 enzyme are encapsulated in cellulose sulphate and implanted into pre-established tumours derived from(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Regulatory mechanisms in chronic pancreatitis finally resulting in pancreatic fibrosis cannot be studied sufficiently in human pancreas. Results of a new pancreatitis model in rats suitable for investigation of the processes leading to pancreatic fibrosis are presented. METHODS Experimental pancreatitis was induced by intravenous(More)
Twenty-eight cases of monocytoid B-cell lymphoma of lymph nodes and 16 lymph node metastases of primary gastric lymphomas, mostly low-grade B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type were investigated morphologically and immunohistochemically. Both groups showed the same morphological and immunohistochemical features: diagnostically(More)