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Enzymes of the Rel/Spo family enable bacteria to survive prolonged periods of nutrient limitation by producing an intracellular signaling alarmone, (p)ppGpp, which triggers the so-called stringent response. Both the synthesis of (p)ppGpp from ATP and GDP(GTP), and its hydrolysis to GDP(GTP) and pyrophosphate, are catalyzed by Rel/Spo proteins. The 2.1 A(More)
In an attempt to expand the available knowledge of pathogen-host interactions during ex vivo growth of Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) in nonimmune whole human blood, the extents to which the expression of 51 genes including regulators with known targets, established virulence factors, physiologically important transporters and metabolic enzyme genes was(More)
The production of Streptococcus pyogenes exoproteins, many of which contribute to virulence, is regulated in response to nutrient availability. CodY is a transcriptional regulator that controls gene expression in response to amino acid availability. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in the expression of streptococcal exoproteins(More)
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