Horst Lohrer

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From Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease, a lipoamide dehydrogenase was isolated. The enzyme, an FAD-cystine oxidoreductase, shares many physical and chemical properties with T. cruzi trypanothione reductase, the key enzyme of the parasite's thiol metabolism. 1. From 60 g epimastigotic T. cruzi cells, 2.7 mg lipoamide dehydrogenase was(More)
Metallothionein protein protects cells from the toxic effects of heavy metal ions. To establish its protective function against ionizing radiation and alkylating agents, a model system was created by transfecting two CHO cell lines (wild-type, K1-2 and X-ray sensitive, xrs-2 subclone Bc11) with the human metallothionein II-A (hMTII-A) gene integrated in a(More)
Experiments were designed to detect survival advantages that cells gain by overexpressing metallothionein (MT). Chinese hamster ovary K1-2 cells and an x-ray-sensitive derivative were transfected with a bovine papillomavirus (BPV)-linked construct carrying the human metallothionein IIA (hMT-IIA) gene. Transfectants survived 40-fold higher levels of cadmium(More)
The elevation of intracellular levels of metallothionein has been associated with the development of resistance to the cytotoxic effects of some alkylating agents. In order to study the mechanisms underlying metallothionein associated drug resistance we transfected the alkylating agent sensitive CHO cell line MMC-1 (Robson et al., 1985) with an episomally(More)
DNA from 129 paired thyroid tumorous and non-tumorous tissue samples of Belarussian children (102 patients; age at surgery </=18 years) and adults (27 patients; age at surgery 19-35 years), who had been exposed to radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl reactor accident in 1986, was examined for microsatellite instability (MSI) and loss of heterozygosity(More)
In contrast to most other types of cancer, metastatic testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT) are cured in most patients using cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. The biochemical mechanisms underlying this sensitivity have not been defined. Drug detoxification can modulate response to chemotherapy in vivo and in vitro, and therefore we measured levels of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the instability of microsatellite sequences in post-Chernobyl thyroid tumours from children and young adults, and to ascertain whether they correlated with the age of the patient at the time of the accident and the tumour latency period. MATERIALS AND METHODS The stability of 26 microsatellite markers was investigated in 122(More)
Two X-ray-sensitive mutants of the CHO K1 cell line were examined for their cell-cycle progression after irradiation with gamma-rays, and for their ability to rejoin double-strand breaks (DSBs) as detected by neutral filter elution. Both mutants were impaired in DSB rejoining and both were irreversibly blocked in the G2 phase of the cell cycle as determined(More)
The c-myc oncogene has been shown to be overexpressed in a number of malignancies, and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of malignant melanoma. Previous prognostic studies have demonstrated c-myc overexpression in a range of cutaneous melanomas, and levels of c-myc oncoprotein expression have been shown to correlate with clinical outcome in(More)