Horst Dieter Becker

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A retrospective survey of 7 European centers involving 20 surgeons who undertook 1,236 laparoscopic cholecystectomies was performed. The procedure was completed in 1,191 patients. Conversion to open cholecystectomy was necessary in 45 patients (3.6%) either because of technical difficulty (n = 33), the onset of complications (n = 11), or instrument failure(More)
BACKGROUND Local therapy of early rectal carcinoma has become an alternative to the classical radical operation which has a higher morbidity and mortality rate. METHODS Rectal carcinoma was treated by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) in 113 patients. The indications for the procedure were pT1 low-risk tumour, advanced tumour in high-risk patients,(More)
Specific immunotherapy of cancer utilizes tumor-directed cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) that lyse tumor cells presenting MHC class I-associated peptides derived from tumor-associated proteins. Many tumor-associated gene products are known, but corresponding T cell epitopes are only known for relatively few of these. The most commonly used approaches to(More)
Though morbidity and mortality rates following pancreatic resection have improved in recent years, they are still around 35% and 5%, respectively. Typical complications, such as pancreatic fistula, abscess, and subsequent sepsis, are chiefly associated with exocrine pancreatic secretion. In order to clarify whether the perioperative inhibition of exocrine(More)
The anatomy of the pelvis makes it difficult to perform local excisions in the rectum when the tumor is some distance from the anal verge. We have, therefore, developed a new minimally invasive technique for tumor resection. A rectoscope with a 40-mm diameter permits tumor resection under stereoscopic control in the gas-dilated rectal cavity. Excisions in(More)
BACKGROUND Studies indicate that gastrectomy might alter calcium and bone metabolism, resulting in bone disorders. No data are currently available on the prevalence of bone disorders after gastrectomy. METHODS Sixty gastrectomy patients were investigated for serum parameters of calcium and bone metabolism 5 to 20 years postoperatively and compared to an(More)
A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multicentre trial was carried out in 247 patients undergoing major elective surgery for chronic pancreatitis to clarify whether the perioperative application of octreotide prevents postoperative complications. Eleven complications were defined, including death, anastomotic leakage, pancreatic fistula, abscess,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of ultrasound in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis in the diabetic foot compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bone scintigraphy (BS), and plain film radiography (PFR). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated 19 consecutive diabetic patients (2 women, 17 men, age 60.7 +/- 9.8 years, BMI 27.0 +/- 3.8 kg/m2) with(More)
For many years, lactate has been known to accelerate collagen deposition in cultured fibroblasts and, without detailed explanation, has been presumed to stimulate angiogenesis. Similarly, hypoxia has been linked to angiogenic effects and collagen deposition from cultured cells. Paradoxically, however, wound angiogenesis and collagen deposition are increased(More)