Horacio Vanegas

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The periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) and the nucleus raphe magnus and adjacent structures of the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM), with their projections to the spinal dorsal horn, constitute the "efferent channel" of a pain-control system that "descends" from the brain onto the spinal cord. Considerable evidence has recently emerged regarding(More)
Analgesia results when opiates are microinjected into the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM). This region, which includes the nucleus raphe magnus and the adjacent reticular formation, is rich in immunoreactive enkephalin-containing neurones and terminals, and contains neurones that project to the spinal cord dorsal horn where they inhibit identified(More)
Non-opioid analgesics have been shown to elicit antinociception by an action upon central nervous system structures, in addition to their well known action upon peripheral tissues. Microinjection of metamizol (dipyrone), a widely used nonopioid analgesic, into the periaqueductal grey matter (PAG) of rats activates pain-modulating systems in the nucleus(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are local mediators of several functions in the CNS. Both primary afferent neurons and intrinsic cells in the spinal cord produce PGs, with a marked upregulation during peripheral inflammation. Therefore, the significance of spinal PGs in the neuronal processing of mechanosensory information was herein investigated. In anesthetized(More)
Opiate analgesia can be hampered by a reduction in pharmacological effectiveness (tolerance), and this crucially depends on the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG). Non-opioids like metamizol (dipyrone) or aspirin also induce PAG-dependent analgesia and tolerance, but the neuronal bases of this tolerance are unknown. Metamizol is a pyrazolon derivative and(More)
The spinal cord is one of the sites where non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) act to produce analgesia and antinociception. Expression of cyclooxygenase(COX)-1 and COX-2 in the spinal cord and primary afferents suggests that NSAIDs act here by inhibiting the synthesis of prostaglandins (PGs). Basal release of PGD(2), PGE(2), PGF(2alpha) and(More)
The efferent pathways of the optic tectum have been investigated in the percomorph Eugerres and the berycomorph Holocentrus. A portion of the dorsal-dorsolateral region of the optic tectum was unilaterally resected by suction. The animals were perfused 6-30 days thereafter, and the brains were processed according to a modification (Method 7 in Ebbesson,(More)
Horseradish-peroxidase (HRP) was injected (9-18 microng in 0.03-0.06 micronl) into cortical areas 17, 18 or 19 of 11 adult cats. After survival times of 17 hours to 7 days, the thalamus was examined for retrogradely HRP labelled nerve cells in serial transverse sections. From these sections, the percentage of labelled cells occurring in each subdivision of(More)