Horacio Pereyra

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BACKGROUND Oxidative stress has been implicated in the development of endothelial damage in hemodialysis (HD). We have assessed the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a compound with antioxidant effects, on malondialdehyde (MDA), a marker of oxidative stress on lipid peroxidation. METHODS A clinical trial was conducted in which 24 chronic HD patients were(More)
BACKGROUND The most common complication of hemodialysis (HD) access graft is thrombosis. Clopidogrel, an inhibitor of platelet aggregation, was assessed to prevent this serious complication. METHODS A prospective study in which 24 patients on chronic HD whose vascular accesses were grafts were divided into two groups: group A (n = 12, 50%) consisted of(More)
The sanitary and economic impact of cystic echinococcosis is serious in those countries where it becomes endemic. Ultrasonography is one technique that may be used to diagnose this disease in endemic areas. In parasitized sheep, hydatid cysts appear sonographically as a round hypoechoic structure. Twenty two sheep destined for slaughter were studied(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic insufficiency alters homeostasis, in part due to endothelial inflammation. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is increased in renal disease, contributing to vascular damage. We assessed PAI-1 activity and PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism in hemodialysis (HD) subjects and any association between thrombotic vascular access (VA) events and(More)
BACKGROUND A 48-year-old man with a recent diagnosis of multiple myeloma and rapidly progressive oliguric end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis, presented with a serum calcium concentration of 3.4 mmol/l (13.6 mg/dl). INVESTIGATIONS Serum laboratory analysis, electroencephalogram, MRI of the brain and bone marrow, and kidney biopsies. DIAGNOSIS(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for thrombosis, a frequent complication of vascular access (VA) in hemodialysis (HD). The enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is necessary for the remethylation of homocysteine (Hcy) to methionine. It has been postulated that patients homozygous and, to a lesser extent, heterozygous for the(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori has been identified as a possible cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in the general population. We assessed any potential relationship between low cyanocobalamin serum levels and Helicobacter pylori status in hemodialysis patients and subsequently correlated these results with the existence of anemia (a common complication in(More)
A woman on daclizumab developed thrombotic microangiopathy secondary to cyclosporine after a living-unrelated kidney transplant. Despite cyclosporine discontinuation, hemolysis persisted. The second dose of daclizumab was postponed 24 h, and after a maximum of two sessions of plasmapheresis (to avoid further modifications in daclizumab schedule) with plasma(More)