Horácio Friedman

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We have studied the HLA class II alleles in 277 South American Indians, which included Argentinian tribes from the Gran Chaco: Toba (n = 135), Toba-Pilaga (n = 19), Mataco-Wichi (n = 49), and Xavantes, a tribe from Central Brazil (n = 74). In the Brazilian tribe, only four DR groups were found: DRB1*1602 (gf = 0.303), DRB1*04 including DRB1*0404 (gf =(More)
Fogo Selvagem (FS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by subcorneal vesicles and antidesmoglein-1 autoantibodies. Previous epidemiologic data have linked the onset of FS to exposure to an environmental antigen(s). This investigation describes a unique human settlement with an extraordinarily high prevalence of FS. This community is made up of(More)
Canine hepatozoonosis is a disease caused by the tick-borne protozoan Hepatozoon spp. It has been reported in the United States, southern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and the Far East. In Brazil, canine hepatozoonosis is an emerging protozoal tick-borne disease, and is characterized by distinct clinical signs. The objective of this study was to analyze(More)
Between 1950 and 1965, 365 patients were treated for transitional cancer of the bladder at our hospitals. A retrospective study was done, using clinical records and a histopathologic review to determine the long-term natural history of this population when treated conservatively. The natural history of 3 separate patient populations was discovered, based(More)
Fogo selvagem is an autoimmune blistering skin disease that principally occurs among rural Brazilians living in geographically clumped disease foci. Exposure to hematophagous black flies possibly is related to the cause of the disease. We compared the occurrence, proportions, and richness of simuliid species immatures and the biting activity of adult(More)
Based on epidemiologic data, a current hypothesis states that Fogo selvagem (FS) may be triggered by environmental factors present in endemic areas of Brazil. Because the appearance of new cases is limited to those areas, we wanted to ascertain if the presence of the pemphigus autoantibodies was restricted to the patients. To further delineate the(More)
BACKGROUND Investigators from Brasilia, Brazil, observed several patients with a mucocutaneous disease that resembles pemphigus vulgaris clinically and histologically but with epidemiological features of fogo selvagem. Our objective was to characterize antidesmoglein 3 and antidesmoglein 1 autoantibody profiles in these unique patients who reside in Goiânia(More)
Endemic pemphigus foliaceus or fogo selvagem (FS) in an organ-specific autoimmune skin disease characterized by epidermal vesicles and mediated by autoantibodies. Family cases are frequent and not everyone living in endemic region develops FS suggesting that host factors play a role in determining whether exposed individuals will be affected. Because our(More)
Hepatitis A antibody was detected by specific immune adherence and complement-fixation tests in a study involving 473 serum specimens from 20 patients who had viral hepatitis, Type A. In all 20 patients who had no detectable immune adherence antibody (less than 1:5) before onset of hepatitis high levels (greater than or equal to 1:1024) developed one to(More)