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Delirium is a neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by a sudden and global impairment in consciousness, attention and cognition. It is particularly frequent in elderly subjects with medical or surgical conditions and is associated with short- and long-term adverse outcomes. The pathophysiology of delirium remains poorly understood as it involves complex(More)
BACKGROUND delirium is a frequent neuropsychiatric syndrome affecting medical and surgical elderly patients. Cholinergic dysfunction has been implicated in delirium pathophysiology and plasmatic acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activities are suppressed in patients with delirium. In this cohort study, we investigated whether(More)
Introduction Elderly patients occupy up to 65% of acute hospital beds and a significant proportion of them present with a comorbid psychiatric condition such as depression, delirium or dementia. Liaison old age psychiatry (LOAP) services have been developed to provide psychiatric consultation in medical and surgical settings, improving at the same time the(More)
OBJECTIVES The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) is a recently developed anxiety instrument designed to assess the severity of anxiety symptoms across a range of presentations in older adults. In this study, the authors examined the validity of the Portuguese version of the GAI and assessed its psychometric properties. METHOD A cross-sectional study was(More)
BACKGROUND As people live longer, there is increasing potential for mental disorders to interfere with testamentary distribution and render older people more vulnerable to "undue influence" when they are making a will. Accordingly, clinicians dealing with the mental disorders of older people will be called upon increasingly to advise the courts about a(More)
The World Psychiatric Association (WPA) Section of Old Age Psychiatry, since 1997, has developed Consensus Statements relevant to the practice of Old Age Psychiatry. Since 2006 the Section has worked to develop a Consensus Statement on Ethics and Capacity in older people with mental disorders, which was completed in Prague, September 2008, prior to the(More)
Functional assessment methods are an important element in multidimensional neuropsychological evaluations, particularly in older adults. The Adults and Older Adults Functional Assessment Inventory is a new measure of basic and instrumental activities of daily living. Rasch model analyses were used to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the(More)
BACKGROUND In response to the global challenges of population aging in Portugal, it is crucial to improve research, education and clinical training in old age in order to meet the growing demands placed on psychogeriatric care services. METHODS An overview is provided on the status of old age psychology and psychiatry as part of the multidisciplinary care(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive interventions (either restorative or compensatory) developed for mild Alzheimer's Disease (AD) have been tested widely with cognitive measures, but less is known about how the effects of such interventions are generalizable to daily functioning. In the present study, we looked at affective state and perceived functionality and quality(More)
A randomized double-blind, multicenter 6-week study was undertaken in 80 depressed patients to compare the effects of moclobemide, a selective and reversible monoamine oxidase-A inhibitor (300 mg daily), and maprotiline (75 mg daily). Efficacy was assessed by Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and Clinical Global Impression (CGI). Tolerability was(More)