Hope A. Johnson

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Learning ultimately relies on changes in the flow of activity in neural microcircuits. The plasticity of neural dynamics is particularly relevant for the processing of temporal information. Chronic stimulation of cultured rat cortical networks revealed experience-dependent plasticity in neural dynamics. We observed changes in the temporal structure of(More)
The gene for the Thermotoga maritima Trk potassium transporter component TrkA was originally thought to be a frameshift mutation and not to encode a functional protein. However, expression from this gene yielded a complex consisting of two distinct proteins designated TM1088A and -B. Genetic complementation of Escherichia coli mutants unable to transport(More)
Bacterial manganese (Mn) oxidation plays an important role in the global biogeochemical cycling of Mn and other compounds, and the diversity and prevalence of Mn oxidizers have been well established. Despite many hypotheses of why these bacteria may oxidize Mn, the physiological reasons remain elusive. Intracellular Mn levels were determined for Pseudomonas(More)
The neural mechanisms underlying some forms of learning and memory require hours or days to be expressed; however it has proven difficult to study these slowly developing forms of plasticity in reduced preparations due to the short-term nature of acute slice preparations and the fact that most culture preparations lack exposure to structured external input,(More)
Cortical computations are an emergent property of neural dynamics. To understand how neural dynamics emerges within local cortical networks, we characterized the development and underlying mechanisms of spontaneous dynamics in cortical organotypic slices. We observed not only a quantitative increase in the levels of spontaneous dynamics, but a qualitative(More)
Regulatory inactivation of DnaA is dependent on Hda (homologous to DnaA), a protein homologous to the AAA+ (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) ATPase region of the replication initiator DnaA. When bound to the sliding clamp loaded onto duplex DNA, Hda can stimulate the transformation of active DnaA-ATP into inactive DnaA-ADP. The crystal(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) comprise a diverse superfamily of enzymes found in organisms from all kingdoms of life. GSTs are involved in diverse processes, notably small-molecule biosynthesis or detoxification, and are frequently also used in protein engineering studies or as biotechnology tools. Here, we report the high-resolution X-ray structure of(More)
The crystal structures of SPO0140 and Sbal_2486 were determined using the semiautomated high-throughput pipeline of the Joint Center for Structural Genomics (JCSG) as part of the NIGMS Protein Structure Initiative (PSI). The structures revealed a conserved core with domain duplication and a superficial similarity of the C-terminal domain to pleckstrin(More)
Proteins with the DUF2063 domain constitute a new Pfam family, PF09836. The crystal structure of a member of this family, NGO1945 from Neisseria gonorrhoeae, has been determined and reveals that the N-terminal DUF2063 domain is likely to be a DNA-binding domain. In conjunction with the rest of the protein, NGO1945 is likely to be involved in transcriptional(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) comprise a diverse superfamily of enzymes found in organisms from all kingdoms of life. GSTs are involved in diverse processes, notably small-molecule biosynthesis or detoxification, and are frequently also used in protein engineering studies or as biotechnology tools. Here, we report the highresolution X-ray structure of(More)