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Schwann cell transplantation is well known to induce repair in the injured spinal cord which disables millions of injured patients throughout the world. An ideal route of delivering the grafted Schwann cells to the spinal cord should neither cause more injury nor reinitiate inflammatory events and also provide a favorable milieu to the grafted cells. In(More)
STUDY DESIGN The study is a prospective cross-sectional study of 514 patients with low back pain and sciatica. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the relation of various risk factors on upper and lower lumbar levels. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Various risk factors such as aging, job (physical habits), obesity, and cigarette smoking have been(More)
The gradient vector flow (GVF) algorithm has been used extensively as an efficient method for medical image segmentation. This algorithm suffers from poor robustness against noise as well as lack of convergence in small scale details and concavities. As a cure to this problem, in this paper the idea of multi scale is applied to the traditional GVF algorithm(More)
Several experimental studies have introduced Schwann cell transplantation as a means of recovery in animal models of spinal cord injury (SCI). The reported promising results together with the availability of autologous sources for Schwann cells indicate Schwann cell transplantation as a possible treatment for SCI. To address the safety and feasibility(More)
Clinical grade cultivation of human schwann cell by the utilization of human autologous serum instead of fetal bovine serum, and also avoiding any growth factors, can increase safety level of this procedure in cases of clinical cell transplantation. The aim of this study was demonstration of the feasibility of clinical grade schwann cell cultivation. In(More)
OBJECT Many experimental studies on spinal cord injuries (SCIs) support behavioral improvement after Schwann cell treatment. This study was conducted to evaluate safety issues 2 years after intramedullary Schwann cell transplantation in 33 consecutively selected patients with SCI. METHODS Of 356 patients with SCIs who had completed at least 6 months of a(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the correlation between intracranial (ICP) and intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS Of the 77 patients who underwent a lumbar puncture, 27 were excluded secondary to a history of glaucoma, using drugs effective on IOP, and abnormal funduscopic examination. ICP was measured by lumbar puncture. IOP was measured by two scales of Schiotz(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative injury of obturator nerve has rarely been reported in patients with gynecological malignancies who undergo extensive radical surgeries. Irreversible damage of this nerve causes thigh paresthesia and claudication. Intraoperative repair may be done by end to end anastomosis or grafting when achieving tension-free anastomosis is not(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused by Fonsecaea pedrosoi is a rarity. However, about four cases have been reported in the literature. The disease remains mostly fatal despite employment of new treatment modalities. CASE An 18-year-old boy presented seizures of recent onset. Two years back, he developed cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis after a(More)
Nerve tissue engineering (NTE) is one of the most promising methods to restore central nerve systems in human health care. Three-dimensional (3D) distribution and growth of cells within the porous scaffold composed of nanofibers are of clinical significance for NTE. In this study, an attempt was made to develop and characterize the use of fibrin gel and(More)