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IMPORTANCE Statin use during hospitalization is associated with improved survival and a better discharge disposition among patients with ischemic stroke. It is unclear whether inpatient statin use has a similar effect among patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). OBJECTIVE To determine whether inpatient statin use in ICH is associated with improved(More)
OBJECTIVE A study was undertaken to examine the association between incident cancer and the subsequent risk of stroke. METHODS Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare linked database, we identified patients with a new primary diagnosis of breast, colorectal, lung, pancreatic, or prostate cancer from 2001 through 2007. These patients(More)
BACKGROUND Black US residents experience higher rates of ischemic stroke than white residents but have lower rates of clinically apparent atrial fibrillation (AF), a strong risk factor for stroke. It is unclear whether black persons truly have less AF or simply more undiagnosed AF. METHODS AND RESULTS We obtained administrative claims data from state(More)
BACKGROUND Status epilepticus refractory to conventional anti-epileptic drugs typically has a poor prognosis, but patients may recover well if seizures can be stopped. Case reports suggest that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may stop seizures in patients with refractory status epilepticus, and we sought to examine its effectiveness in a series of patients.(More)
Increasing evidence shows that the central nervous system and the immune system interact in complex ways, and better insight into these interactions may be relevant to the treatment of patients with stroke and other forms of central nervous system injury. Atherosclerosis, autoimmune disease, and physiological stressors, such as infection or surgery, cause(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the cumulative rate and characteristics of recurrent thromboembolic events after acute ischemic stroke in patients with cancer. METHODS We retrospectively identified consecutive adult patients with active systemic cancer diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke at a tertiary-care cancer center from 2005 through 2009. Two neurologists(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Network Modification (NeMo) Tool uses a library of brain connectivity maps from normal subjects to quantify the amount of structural connectivity loss caused by focal brain lesions. We hypothesized that the Network Modification Tool could predict remote brain tissue loss caused by poststroke loss of connectivity. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the cost-effectiveness of apixaban vs warfarin for secondary stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS Using standard methods, we created a Markov decision model based on the estimated cost of apixaban and data from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a relatively rare and understudied disease. We sought to determine the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis codes to identify CVT. METHODS Retrospective chart review using the electronic medical record (EMR) to identify all patients discharged with CVT(More)
The aim of this work was to quantitatively model cross-sectional relationships between structural connectome disruptions caused by cerebral infarction and measures of clinical performance. Imaging biomarkers of 41 ischemic stroke patients (72.0 ± 12.0 years, 20 female) were related to their baseline performance in 18 cognitive, physical and daily life(More)