Honnavara N. Ananthaswamy

Learn More
We hypothesized that a substantial portion of the mutagenic alterations produced in the basal layer of human skin by sunlight are induced by wavelengths in the UVA range. Using laser capture microdissection we examined separately basal and suprabasal keratinocytes from human skin squamous cell carcinomas and premalignant solar keratosis for both UVA- and(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation present in sunlight is an environmental human carcinogen. The toxic effects of UV from natural sunlight and therapeutic artificial lamps are a major concern for human health. The major acute effects of UV irradiation on normal human skin comprise sunburn inflammation (erythema), tanning, and local or systemic immunosuppression.(More)
The transition from a normal cell to a neoplastic cell is a complex process and involves both genetic and epigenetic changes. The process of carcinogenesis begins when the DNA is damaged, which then leads to a cascade of events leading to the development of a tumor. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes DNA damage, inflammation, erythema, sunburn,(More)
UV-induced mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene play an essential role in skin cancer development. We report here that such mutations can be detected in UV-irradiated mouse skin months before the gross appearance of skin tumors. Application of SPF-15 sunscreens to mouse skin before each UV irradiation nearly abolished the frequency of p53 mutations.(More)
Genotoxic stress triggers the p53 tumor suppressor network to activate cellular responses that lead to cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, apoptosis or senescence. This network functions mainly through transactivation of different downstream targets, including cell cycle inhibitor p21, which is required for short-term cell cycle arrest or long-term cellular(More)
Chronic exposure to UV radiation (UVR), especially in the UVA (315-400 nm) and UVB (280-315 nm) spectrum of sunlight, is the major risk factor for the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer. UVR is a complete carcinogen, which both initiates and promotes carcinogenesis. We found that protein kinase C epsilon (PKCepsilon), a member of the(More)
Tumor specific immunity is mediated by CTL that recognize peptide Ag in the context of MHC class I molecules and by Th cells that recognize peptide Ag in the context of MHC class II molecules. To clarify the relative importance of MHC class I and II Ag in tumor rejection, we transfected a K1735 melanoma that did not express constitutively either MHC class I(More)
The relationship between exposure to UV radiation and development of skin cancer has been well established. Several studies have shown that UVB induces unique mutations (C-->T and CC-->TT transitions) in the p53 tumor suppressor gene that are not commonly induced by other carcinogens. Our studies have demonstrated that UV-induced mouse skin cancers contain(More)
Our previous studies have shown that human skin cancers occurring on sun-exposed body sites frequently contain activated Ha-ras oncogenes capable of inducing morphologic and tumorigenic transformation of NIH 3T3 cells. In this study, we analyzed human primary squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) occurring on sun-exposed body(More)
Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between exposure to solar UV radiation and the incidence of lymphoid malignancies, which has increased substantially worldwide during the last two decades. Findings from animal studies have raised the question of whether UV radiation might influence the development of lymphoid malignancies by means of(More)