Hongzhuan Chen

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BACKGROUND Lipid-based liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LCNPs) have attracted growing interest as novel drug-delivery systems for improving the bioavailability of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs. However, their cellular interaction and in vivo behavior have not been fully developed and characterized. METHODS In this study, self-assembled LCNPs(More)
Hypoxia-induced retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death has been proposed to be the critical event in the pathophysiology of glaucoma. Therefore, delaying or halting RGC degeneration, known as neuroprotection, is a novel and promising approach with potential clinical applications for treating glaucoma. In this study, we investigate hypoxia-induced cell death of(More)
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta), the major pathological factor in Alzheimer's disease, has recently been reported to be implicated in the development of glaucoma. In this study, we explored the effect of muscarinic activation on abnormal processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) induced by a risk factor hypoxia in retinal ganglion cells. Hypoxia(More)
Human chemokine receptor CXCR3 (hCXCR3) antagonists have potential therapeutic applications as antivirus, antitumor, and anti-inflammatory agents. A novel virtual screening protocol, which combines pharmacophore-based and structure-based approaches, was proposed. A three-dimensional QSAR pharmacophore model and a structure-based docking model were built to(More)
Reactive astrogliosis is widely considered to contribute to pathogenic responses to stress and brain injury and to diseases as diverse as ischemia and neurodegeneration. We previously found that expression of the intermediate-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (KCa3.1) involved in TGF-β-activated astrogliosis. In the present study, we(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disease that is conventionally treated with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, which may not fully remove the symptom for many reasons. When AChE inhibitors do not work, Chinese patients turn to Chinese medicine, such as the Buzhongyiqi decoction (BD), to treat MG. By elucidating the relations between the herbs(More)
Aggregated forms of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides are important triggers for microglial activation, which is an important pathological component in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients. Cu(II) ions are reported to be coordinated to monomeric Aβ, drive Aβ aggregation, and potentiate Aβ neurotoxicity. Here we investigated whether Cu(II) binding modulates the effect(More)
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) have five subtypes and play crucial roles in various physiological functions and pathophysiological processes. Poor subtype specificity of mAChR modulators has been an obstacle to discover new therapeutic agents. Muscarinic toxin 7 (MT7) is a natural peptide toxin with high selectivity for the M1 receptor. With(More)
Soluble amyloid-β protein (Aβ) oligomers have been recognized to be early and key intermediates in Alzheimer’s disease-related synaptic dysfunction. In this study, using in vitro electrophysiology, we investigated interactions of the acidic oligosaccharide sugar chain (AOSC), a marine-derived acidic oligosaccharide, with oligomeric Aβ. We found that the(More)