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Anonymity technologies have gained more and more attention for communication privacy. In general, users obtain anonymity at a certain cost in an anonymous communication system, which uses rerouting to increase the system's robustness. However, a long rerouting path incurs large overhead and decreases the quality of service (QoS). In this paper, we propose(More)
Keywords: Single machine scheduling Sequence-dependent setup times Hybrid evolutionary algorithm Crossover operator Population updating a b s t r a c t We present a systematic comparison of hybrid evolutionary algorithms (HEAs), which independently use six combinations of three crossover operators and two population updating strategies, for solving the(More)
Ethylene responsive factors (ERFs) play important roles in the abiotic stress; however, only a few ERF genes from woody plants have been functionally characterized. In the present study, an ERF gene from Betula platyphylla (birch), BpERF11, was functionally characterized in response to abiotic stress. BpERF11 is a nuclear protein, which could specifically(More)
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