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Using data provided by approximately 100 second graders each from Beijing, Hong Kong, Korea, and the United States, we investigated relations among phonological awareness, morphological structure awareness, vocabulary, and word recognition. Our results indicate that across languages, phonological awareness and morphological structure awareness are similarly(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in the regulation of milk protein synthesis and development of the mammary gland (MG). However, the specific functions of miRNAs in these regulations are not clear. Therefore, the elucidation of miRNA expression profiles in the MG is an important step towards understanding the mechanisms of lactogenesis. Two miRNA(More)
This study evaluated the relative effectiveness of home-based, community-based, and state-run early childhood programs across Cambodia. A total of 880 five-year-olds (55% girls) from 6 rural provinces in Cambodia attending State Preschools, Community Preschools, Home-Based Programs, or no programs were assessed twice using the Cambodian Developmental(More)
In this paper, we present an RIP module with the features of supporting multiple inductive sensors, no variable frequency LC oscillator, low power consumption, and automatic gain adjustment for each channel. Based on the method of inductance measurement without using a variable frequency LC oscillator, we further integrate pulse amplitude modulation and(More)
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on embryonic chicken ovarian germ cell proliferation and its possible involvements of protein kinases A (PKA) and C (PKC) pathways. Ovarian cells were treated with FSH alone or in the presence of forskolin (FRSK), PKA inhibitor (H(89)), PKC activator (PMA) or inhibitor(More)
This longitudinal study examined, in a sample of Chinese children (initial mean ages = 9.5 and 12.7 years, N = 505), how the peer group contributed to social functioning and academic achievement and their associations. Data on informal peer groups, social functioning, and academic achievement were collected from multiple sources. Multilevel structural(More)
The effect of androgen on germ cell proliferation was evaluated by a chicken ovarian germ-somatic cell co-culture model and the mechanisms were explored. Ovarian cells were dispersed from 18-day-old embryos, cultured in serum-free McCoy's 5A medium and challenged with testosterone (T) alone or in combinations with androgen receptor antagonist Flutamide,(More)
Myoglobin (Mb), with different net surface charges at different pH in buffers and negatively charged hyaluronic acid (HA) at pH 5.0 in solutions were alternately adsorbed onto various solid surfaces and successfully assembled into {Mb/HA}(n) layer-by-layer films. The Mb in {Mb/HA}(n) films showed a quasi-reversible cyclic voltammetry (CV) response for its(More)
The estrogenic and antioxidant effects of the phytoestrogen daidzein (DAI) on germ cell proliferation were evaluated by a chicken ovarian germ-somatic cell coculture model. Ovarian cells were dispersed from 18-day-old embryos, cultured in serum-free McCoy's 5A medium and challenged with DAI alone or in combinations with estrogen receptor antagonist(More)
As the main precursor for lactose synthesis, large amounts of glucose are required by lactating dairy cows. Milk yield greatly depends on mammary lactose synthesis due to its osmoregulatory property for mammary uptake of water. Thus, glucose availability to the mammary gland could be a potential regulator of milk production. In the present study, the effect(More)