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RNA interference appears to have a great potential not only as an in vitro target validation, but also as a novel therapeutic strategy based on the highly specific and efficient silencing of a target gene. We hypothesize that MMP-9 siRNA can be effective as an MMP-9 protein inhibitor in a rat focal ischemia model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (156) were(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that p53 plays an orchestrating role in the vasospasm and apoptotic cell death after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We now hypothesize that p53 also plays an important role in brain edema by up-regulating the expression of MMP-9 via the NF-kappaB molecular signaling pathway. Adult male rats (300-350 g) were divided into five(More)
Trials of neuroprotection in ischemic stroke mainly concern gray matter protection, with little information on white matter damage. Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are capable of providing continuous neurotrophic factor and of promoting growth and remyelination of damaged axons. We evaluated OECs for the repair of white matter after transplantation in(More)
Clinical studies have expanded the therapeutic olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) transplantation to different human Central Nervous System (CNS) diseases. In fact, the OEC transplantation in clinic is a mixture of olfactory bulb cells; they even have not demonstrated that they have such a subpopulation yet. However, as a source of OECs transplantation, the(More)
Recent advances in cell biology, neural injury and repair, and the progress towards development of neurorestorative interventions are the basis for increased optimism. Based on the complexity of the processes of demyelination and remyelination, degeneration and regeneration, damage and repair, functional loss and recovery, it would be expected that(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressively fatal, incurable, neurodegenerative disorder. In this study, we investigated whether olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) transplantation could provide protection to motor neurons and enable remyelination in mutant SOD1(G93A) transgenic rats with ALS. Seventy-two rats were divided into four groups:(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) plays an essential role in cerebral ischemia as a proapoptotic factor. We hypothesized that HIF-1alpha siRNA can protect the brain from ischemic damage by inhibiting HIF-1alpha induced apoptotic pathway at the RNA level in a rat focal ischemic model. Results showed that treatment with HIF-1alpha siRNA reduced the infarct(More)
The present study investigated the ability of cotransplantation of Schwann cells (SCs) and olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) combined with treadmill training in facilitating neuronal plasticity and promoting hindlimb function recovery of subacute moderate thoracic (T10) spinal cord contusion in rats. Two weeks postinjury, SCs were injected directly into(More)
It has been extensively confirmed that fetal ventral mesencephalic cell (VMC) transplantation can ameliorate the symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). But there are still several problems to be resolved before the extensive clinical application of this technology. The major limitations are the poor survival of grafted dopamine (DA) neurons and restricted(More)