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Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), affect over 2.5 million people of European ancestry, with rising prevalence in other populations. Genome-wide association studies and subsequent meta-analyses of these two diseases as separate phenotypes have implicated previously unsuspected mechanisms, such(More)
The transcription factor LONG HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5) acts downstream of multiple families of the photoreceptors and promotes photomorphogenesis. Although it is well accepted that HY5 acts to regulate target gene expression, in vivo binding of HY5 to any of its target gene promoters has yet to be demonstrated. Here, we used a chromatin immunoprecipitation(More)
A four-site haplotype system at the dopamine D2 receptor locus (DRD2) has been studied in a global sample of 28 distinct populations. The haplotype system spans about 25 kb, encompassing the coding region of the gene. The four individual markers include three TaqI restriction site polymorphisms (RSPs) – TaqI “A”, “B”, and “D” sites – and one dinucleotide(More)
The plant innate immune response is mediated by resistance (R) genes and involves hypersensitive response (HR) cell death. During resistance responses, the host undergoes net changes in the transcriptome. To understand these changes, we generated a whole genome transcript profile for RCY1-mediated resistance to cucumber mosaic virus strain Y (CMV-Y) in(More)
Microarray gene expression profiling was used to examine the role of COP1 in the light control of Arabidopsis genome expression. Qualitatively similar gene expression profiles were observed between wild-type seedlings grown in white light and multiple cop1 mutant alleles grown in the dark. Furthermore, overexpression of the dominant-negative-acting N(More)
MOTIVATION Novel methods, both molecular and statistical, are urgently needed to take advantage of recent advances in biotechnology and the human genome project for disease diagnosis and prognosis. Mass spectrometry (MS) holds great promise for biomarker identification and genome-wide protein profiling. It has been demonstrated in the literature that(More)
The development of complex eukaryotic organisms can be viewed as the selective expression of distinct fractions of the genome in different organs or tissue types in response to developmental and environmental cues. Here, we generated a genome expression atlas of 18 organ or tissue types representing the life cycle of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). We(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most frequent birth defect, affecting 0.8% of live births. Many cases occur sporadically and impair reproductive fitness, suggesting a role for de novo mutations. Here we compare the incidence of de novo mutations in 362 severe CHD cases and 264 controls by analysing exome sequencing of parent-offspring trios. CHD cases(More)
PURPOSE ras oncogenic activation has long been demonstrated in thyroid carcinomas of follicular cell derivation, but no consistent relationship has been shown between mutations and clinicopathologic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed H-, K-, and N-ras mutations by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism followed by DNA(More)
We have characterized Zip4 (a.k.a. Spo22), a meiosis-specific protein essential for chromosome synapsis in budding yeast. In the absence of Zip4, the synaptonemal complex protein Zip1 fails to polymerize along chromosomes. Zip2 and Zip3 are previously characterized components of the synapsis initiation complex. Zip4 forms a functional unit with Zip2 that is(More)