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Appearance-based human re-identification is challenging due to different camera characteristics, varying lighting conditions, pose variations across camera views, etc. Recent studies have revealed that color information plays a critical role on performance. However, two problems remain unclear: (1) how do different color descriptors perform under the same(More)
This study examines the biochemical properties of two members of the murine MSX family, MSX-1 and MSX-2, which have been implicated to have partially overlapping functions during embryogenesis. Our analyses show that MSX-1 and MSX-2 share many features in common including their DNA binding and transcriptional properties. In particular, MSX-1 and MSX-2(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion in Huntingtin protein (Htt). PolyQ expansion in Httexp causes selective degeneration of striatal medium spiny neurons (MSN) in HD patients. A number of previous studies suggested that dopamine signaling plays an important role in HD pathogenesis.(More)
Axonal regeneration is minimal after CNS injuries in adult mammals and medical treatments to recover neurological deficits caused by axon disconnection are extremely limited. The failure of axonal elongation is principally attributed to the nonpermissive environment and reduced intrinsic growth capacity. In this report, we studied the role of glycogen(More)
—One impressive advantage of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) is their ability to automatically learn feature representation from raw pixels, eliminating the need for hand-designed procedures. However, recent methods for single image super-resolution (SR) fail to maintain this advantage. They utilize CNNs in two decoupled steps, i.e., first upsampling(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are extensively used to relieve pain and inflammation in humans via cyclooxygenase inhibition. Our recent research suggests that certain NSAIDs including ibuprofen suppress intracellular RhoA signal and improve significant axonal growth and functional recovery following axonal injury in the CNS. Several NSAIDs(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited, progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by an expanded polyglutamine tract in huntingtin protein (Htt). Medium spiny striatal neurons (MSNs) are primarily affected in HD. Mutant huntingtin protein (Htt(exp)) specifically binds to and activates type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R1),(More)
We investigated whether endothelin-2/vasoactive intestinal contractor (ET-2/VIC) gene expression, upregulated by hypoxia in cancer cells, was associated with differentiation in neuronal cells. RT-PCR analysis, morphological observations, and immunostaining revealed that CoCl2, a hypoxic mimetic agent, at 200 microM increased expression of the ET-2/VIC gene,(More)
Glioblastomas rely mainly on aerobic glycolysis to sustain proliferation and growth; however, little is known about the regulatory mechanisms of metabolism in glioblastoma stem cells. We show that miR-143 is significantly down-regulated in glioma tissues and glioblastoma stem-like cells (GSLCs), while miR-143 over-expression inhibits glycolysis by directly(More)