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Online social networks (OSNs) are popular collaboration and communication tools for millions of users and their friends. Unfortunately, in the wrong hands, they are also effective tools for executing spam campaigns and spreading malware. Intuitively, a user is more likely to respond to a message from a Facebook friend than from a stranger, thus making(More)
Online social networks (OSNs) are extremely popular among Internet users. Unfortunately, in the wrong hands, they are also effective tools for executing spam campaigns. In this paper, we present an online spam filtering system that can be deployed as a component of the OSN platform to inspect messages generated by users in real-time. We propose to(More)
BACKGROUND A series of Rps (resistance to Pytophthora sojae) genes have been protecting soybean from the root and stem rot disease caused by the Oomycete pathogen, Phytophthora sojae. Five Rps genes were mapped to the Rps1 locus located near the 28 cM map position on molecular linkage group N of the composite genetic soybean map. Among these five genes,(More)
Resistance of soybean against the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae is conferred by a series of Rps genes. We have characterized a disease resistance gene-like sequence NBSRps4/6 that was introgressed into soybean lines along with Rps4 or Rps6. High-resolution genetic mapping established that NBSRps4/6 cosegregates with Rps4. Two mutants, M1 and M2,(More)
TRPP2, also known as polycystin-2, is a calcium permeable nonselective cation channel that is mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease but has also been implicated in the regulation of cardiac development, renal tubular differentiation, and left-to-right (L-R) axis determination. For obtaining further insight into how TRPP2 exerts(More)
A series of single genes protect soybean from the root and stem disease caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae. In the last two decades, Rps1-k has been the most stable and widely used Phytophthora resistance gene for the major soybean-producing regions of the United States. Four highly similar genes encoding coiled coil-nucleotide(More)
A variety of microbial communities and their genes (the microbiome) exist throughout the human body, with fundamental roles in human health and disease. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Human Microbiome Project Consortium has established a population-scale framework to develop metagenomic protocols, resulting in a broad range of(More)
This article surveys the current state of security issues and available defense mechanisms regarding popular online social networks. It covers a wide variety of attacks and the corresponding defense mechanisms, if available. The authors organize these attacks into four categories - privacy breaches, viral marketing, network structural attacks, and malware(More)
Accuracy and speed are the two most important metrics for Network Intrusion Detection/Prevention Systems (NIDS/NIPSes). Due to emerging polymorphic attacks and the fact that in many cases regular expressions (regexes) cannot capture the vulnerability conditions accurately, the accuracy of existing regex-based NIDS/NIPS systems has become a serious problem.(More)
MOTIVATION No individual assembly algorithm addresses all the known limitations of assembling short-length sequences. Overall reduced sequence contig length is the major problem that challenges the usage of these assemblies. We describe an algorithm to take advantages of different assembly algorithms or sequencing platforms to improve the quality of(More)