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Online social networks (OSNs) are popular collaboration and communication tools for millions of users and their friends. Unfortunately, in the wrong hands, they are also effective tools for executing spam campaigns and spreading malware. Intuitively, a user is more likely to respond to a message from a Facebook friend than from a stranger, thus making(More)
BACKGROUND A series of Rps (resistance to Pytophthora sojae) genes have been protecting soybean from the root and stem rot disease caused by the Oomycete pathogen, Phytophthora sojae. Five Rps genes were mapped to the Rps1 locus located near the 28 cM map position on molecular linkage group N of the composite genetic soybean map. Among these five genes,(More)
Online social networks (OSNs) are extremely popular among Internet users. Unfortunately, in the wrong hands, they are also effective tools for executing spam campaigns. In this paper, we present an online spam filtering system that can be deployed as a component of the OSN platform to inspect messages generated by users in real-time. We propose to(More)
Resistance of soybean against the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae is conferred by a series of Rps genes. We have characterized a disease resistance gene-like sequence NBSRps4/6 that was introgressed into soybean lines along with Rps4 or Rps6. High-resolution genetic mapping established that NBSRps4/6 cosegregates with Rps4. Two mutants, M1 and M2,(More)
This article surveys the current state of security issues and available defense mechanisms regarding popular online social networks. It covers a wide variety of attacks and the corresponding defense mechanisms, if available. The authors organize these attacks into four categories — privacy breaches, viral marketing, network structural attacks, and malware(More)
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Accession numbers for all primary sequencing data are given in Supplementary Information. Abstract A variety of microbial communities and their genes (microbiome) exist throughout the human body, playing fundamental roles in human health(More)
A series of single genes protect soybean from the root and stem disease caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae. In the last two decades, Rps1-k has been the most stable and widely used Phytophthora resistance gene for the major soybean-producing regions of the United States. Four highly similar genes encoding coiled coil-nucleotide(More)
The current pathogen-typing methods have suboptimal sensitivities and specificities. DNA sequencing offers an opportunity to type pathogens with greater degrees of discrimination using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) than with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and other methodologies. In a recent cluster of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections(More)
Accuracy and speed are the two most important metrics for Network Intrusion Detection/Prevention Systems (NIDS/NIPSes). Due to emerging polymorphic attacks and the fact that in many cases regular expressions (regexes) cannot capture the vulnerability conditions accurately, the accuracy of existing regex-based NIDS/NIPS systems has become a serious problem.(More)
Characterizing the biogeography of the microbiome of healthy humans is essential for understanding microbial associated diseases. Previous studies mainly focused on a single body habitat from a limited set of subjects. Here, we analyzed one of the largest microbiome datasets to date and generated a biogeographical map that annotates the biodiversity,(More)