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The Y-architecture for on-chip interconnect is based on pervasiveuse of 0-, 120-, and 240-degree oriented semi-global and globalwiring. Its use of three uniform directions exploits on-chip routingresources more efficiently than traditional Manhattan wiring architecture.This paper gives in-depth analysis of deployment issues associatedwith the(More)
Doping is a widely applied technological process in materials science that involves incorporating atoms or ions of appropriate elements into host lattices to yield hybrid materials with desirable properties and functions. For nanocrystalline materials, doping is of fundamental importance in stabilizing a specific crystallographic phase, modifying electronic(More)
With the development of increasingly large and complex genomic and proteomic data sets, an enhancement in the complexity of available Venn diagram analytical programs is becoming increasingly important. Current freely available Venn diagram programs often fail to represent extra complexity among datasets, such as regulation pattern differences between(More)
Solanum lycopersicum and Solanum habrochaites are closely related plant species; however, their cold tolerance capacities are different. The wild species S. habrochaites is more cold tolerant than the cultivated species S. lycopersicum. The transcriptomes of S. lycopersicum and S. habrochaites leaf tissues under cold stress were studied using Illumina(More)
Floorplan representation is a fundamental issue in designing a floorplanning algorithm. In this paper, we first present a twin binary trees structure for mosaic floorplans. It is a nonredundant representation. We then derive the exact number of configurations for mosaic floorplans and slicing floorplans. Finally, the relationships between various(More)
This paper evaluates and compares different clock architectures such as mesh, tree and their hybrids, on several industrial designs. The goal of our study is to gain a quantitative understanding of engineering trade-offs between different architectures with respect to clock skew, latency, timing uncertainty, and power. This understanding will lead to(More)
As semiconductor process technologies shrink, interconnect planning presents ever-greater challenges to designers. In this paper, we analyze, evaluate and compare various metrics with optimized wire configurations in the contexts of different design criteria: delay minimization, delay-power minimization and delay 2-power minimization. We show how various(More)
In this paper, we investigate the effect of multilevel network for clock skew. We first define the simplified RC circuit model of a hybrid clock mesh/tree structure. The skew reduction effect of shunt segment contributed by the mesh is derived analytically from the simplified model. The result indicates that the skew decreases proportionally to the(More)
Trastuzumab is currently used for patients with Her2(+) advanced gastric cancer. However, the response rate to trastuzumab among the patients is low. The molecular mechanisms underlying trastuzumab resistance in gastric cancer are unknown. Our in vitro data show that activation of β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) triggered by catecholamine caused "targeting(More)