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The pHs of extracellular fluids (ECFs) in humans are consistently maintained at 7.35 to 7.45 in physiological conditions. Pathological changes, including infarction, tumourigenesis and inflammation, commonly result in decreases in the ECF pH in the affected tissues. In this study, we report that proliferation is promoted and apoptosis is inhibited by(More)
The pHs of extracellular fluids (ECFs) in normal tissues are commonly maintained at 7.35 to 7.45. The acidification of the ECF is one of the major characteristics of tumour microenvironment. In this study, we report that decreased extracellular pH promotes the transformation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), termed(More)
The use of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation for ischemic heart disease has been reported for several years. The main mechanisms responsible for the efficacy of this technique include the differentiation of MSCs into cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells, as well as paracrine effects. However, the differentiation rates of MSCs are very low, and the(More)
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate factors that influence the survival rate after digit replantation. A total of 291 digits of 200 patients who received digital replantation after complete amputation from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2015 were included in this study. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to evaluate the(More)
Senior care has become one of the pressing societal challenges faced by many developed and emerging countries, including the US (the aging baby boomer) and China (the reverse 4-2-1 family pyramid due to one child policy). Despite failing health, most senior citizens prefer to live independently at home and hence the focus of current healthcare technologies(More)
Autophagy participates in the progression of many diseases, comprising ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R). It is reported that it is involved in the protective mechanism of ischemic postconditioning (IPostC). According to research, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is also involved in the condition of I/R and IPostC. However, the relationship between nNOS,(More)
Synergistic photodynamic therapy (PDT) that combines photosensitizers (PSs) to attack different key sites in cancer cells is very attractive. However, the use of multiple PSs may increase dark cytotoxicity. Additionally, realizing the multiple vein passage of several PSs through dosing could be a challenge in clinical treatment. To address these issues, a(More)