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Osteoporosis is an important health problem, particularly in the elderly women. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a major determinant of osteoporosis. For a sample of 53 pedigrees that contain 1249 sibling pairs, 1098 grandparent-grandchildren pairs, and 2589 first cousin pairs, we performed a whole- genome linkage scan using 380 microsatellite markers to(More)
Aiming to identify novel genetic variants and to confirm previously identified genetic variants associated with bone mineral density (BMD), we conducted a three-stage genome-wide association (GWA) meta-analysis in 27 061 study subjects. Stage 1 meta-analyzed seven GWA samples and 11 140 subjects for BMDs at the lumbar spine, hip and femoral neck, followed(More)
We investigate the relevance of the genetic determination of bone mineral density (BMD) variation to that of differential risk to osteoporotic fractures (OF). The high heritability (h(2)) of BMD and the significant phenotypic correlations between high BMD and low risk to OF are well known. Little is reported on h(2) for OF. Extensive molecular genetic(More)
Human height is a complex trait under the control of both genetic and environment factors. In order to identify genomic regions underlying the variation of stature, we performed a whole-genome linkage analysis on a sample of 53 human pedigrees containing 1,249 sib pairs, 1,098 grandparent-grandchildren pairs, 1,993 avuncular pairs, and 1,172 first-cousin(More)
Unbiased or upper limit estimates of the rate (U) of genomic mutations to mildly deleterious alleles are crucial in genetic and conservation studies and in human health care. However, only a few estimates of the lower bounds of U are available. We present a fairly robust estimation that yields an upper limit of U and a nearly unbiased estimate of the per(More)
Obesity is an increasingly serious health problem in the world. Body mass index (BMI), percentage fat mass, and body fat mass are important indices of obesity. For a sample of pedigrees that contains >10,000 relative pairs (including 1,249 sib pairs) that are useful for linkage analyses, we performed a whole-genome linkage scan, using 380 microsatellite(More)
Although copy number variation (CNV) has recently received much attention as a form of structure variation within the human genome, knowledge is still inadequate on fundamental CNV characteristics such as occurrence rate, genomic distribution and ethnic differentiation. In the present study, we used the Affymetrix GeneChip(R) Mapping 500K Array to discover(More)
Bone size, which has strong genetic determination, is an important determinant of bone strength and a risk factor of osteoporotic fractures. We previously reported an approximately 10-cm genome-wide linkage scan in 630 subjects from 53 US Caucasian pedigrees. The strongest evidence of linkage was obtained on chromosome 17q22 near the marker D17S787, with a(More)
Bone size is an important determinant of osteoporotic fractures. For a sample of 53 pedigrees that contains more than 10,000 relative pairs informative for linkage analyses, we performed a whole-genome linkage scan using 380 microsatellite markers to identify genomic regions that may contain QTLs of bone size (two dimensional measurement by dual energy(More)
Osteoporosis is a common disease with strong genetic control. We performed an autosomal linkage scan in a large pedigree-based sample of 4,498 subjects for a composite osteoporosis phenotype that combines osteoporotic fracture (OF) and low bone mineral density (BMD). All of the subjects were U.S. Caucasians recruited in the Omaha area of Nebraska.(More)