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—Due to the astonishing development in memory and processing capabilities of hand held devices such as smart phones, it is not a dream anymore to enable mobile devices not only as conventional web service requesters but even as providers. The willingness and enthusiasm of service providers place abundant services at the disposal. But this abundance makes(More)
Legume rotation has allowed a consistent increase in crop yield and consequently in human population since the antiquity. Legumes will also be instrumental in our ability to maintain the sustainability of our agriculture while facing the challenges of increasing food and biofuel demand. Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus have emerged during the last(More)
A target is denoted extended when the target extent is larger than the sensor resolution. A tracking algorithm should be capable of estimating the target extent in addition to the state of the centroid. This paper addresses the problem of tracking an extended target with unknown parameter about the target extent. The extended target is regarded as a spatial(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) zeta has been implicated as a mediator of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) signaling in certain cell types. Because EGFR is ubiquitously expressed in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN) and plays a key role in tumor progression, we determined whether PKCzeta is required for tumor cell proliferation and(More)
Multi-target tracking is a difficult problem due to the measurement origin uncertainty. Recently, the probability hypothesis density (PHD) filter provides a promising tool for joint estimation of target number and multi-target states, without using data association technique. In particle implementations of the PHD filter, clustering is used to extract the(More)
RCT1 is a TIR-NBS-LRR-type resistance (R) gene in Medicago truncatula that confers resistance to multiple races of Colletotrichum trifolii, a hemi-biotrophic fungal pathogen that causes anthracnose disease in Medicago and other closely related legumes. RCT1 undergoes alternative splicing at both coding and 3′-untranslated regions, thereby producing multiple(More)
Leguminous plants have the ability to make their own nitrogen fertilizer by forming a root nodule symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria, collectively called rhizobia. This biological process plays a critical role in sustainable agriculture because it reduces the need for external nitrogen input. One remarkable property of legume–rhizobial symbiosis(More)
Alternative splicing (AS) occurs widely in plants and can provide the main source of transcriptome and proteome diversity in an organism. AS functions in a range of physiological processes, including plant disease resistance, but its biological roles and functional mechanisms remain poorly understood. Many plant disease resistance (R) genes undergo AS, and(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are well appreciated as intrinsic protectors of cardiomyocytes against numerous stresses. Recent studies have indicated that Hsp20 (HspB6), a small heat shock protein, was increased in blood from cardiomyopathic hamsters. However, the exact source of the increased circulating Hsp20 and its potential role remain obscure. In this(More)