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The RNA-binding protein Musashi1 (Msi1) is a positive regulator of Notch-mediated transcription in Drosophila melanogaster and neural progenitor cells and has been identified as a putative human breast stem cell marker. Here we describe a novel functional role for Msi1: its ability to drive progenitor cell expansion along the luminal and myoepithelial(More)
Adipocyte differentiation is regulated largely through the actions of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma nuclear receptor and the insulin signaling pathway. 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) serves as a critical regulatory point in insulin signaling through its ability to phosphorylate the activation loop of(More)
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive type of breast cancer with high heterogeneity. To date, there is no efficient therapy for TNBC patients and the prognosis is poor. It is urgent to find new biomarkers for the diagnosis of TNBC or efficient therapy targets. As an area of focus in the post-genome period, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have(More)
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is an inflammatory and angiogenic disease. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has an important effect on the pathological progression of CSDH. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and VEGF also play a significant role in pathological angiogenesis. Our research was to investigate the level of MMPs and VEGF in serum and(More)
Stem cell antigen (Sca)-1/Ly6A, a glycerophosphatidylinositol-linked surface protein, was found to be associated with murine stem cell- and progenitor cell-enriched populations, and also has been linked to the capacity of tumor-initiating cells. Despite these interesting associations, this protein's functional role in these processes remains largely(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor that regulates gene transcription associated with intermediary metabolism, adipocyte differentiation, and tumor suppression and proliferation. To understand the role of PPARgamma in tumorigenesis, transgenic mice were generated with mammary gland-directed expression of the(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorγ (PPARγ) is a key regulator of metabolism, proliferation, inflammation and differentiation, and upregulates tumor suppressor genes, such as PTEN, BRCA1 and PPARγ itself. Examination of mammary carcinogenesis in transgenic mice expressing the dominant-negative Pax8PPARγ fusion protein revealed that tumors were(More)
BACKGROUND Musashi1 (Msi1) is a conserved RNA-binding protein that regulates the Notch and Wnt pathways, and serves as a stem cell marker in the breast and other tissues. It is unknown how Msi1 relates to other breast cancer markers, whether it denotes tumor initiating cells (TICs), and how it affects gene expression and tumor cell survival in breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Metastasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in breast cancer with tumor cell invasion playing a crucial role in the metastatic process. PDK1 is a key molecule that couples PI3K to cell proliferation and survival signals in response to growth factor receptor activation, and is oncogenic when expressed in mouse mammary epithelial cells.(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-δ (PPARδ) regulates a multitude of physiological processes associated with glucose and lipid metabolism, inflammation, and proliferation. One or more of these processes are potential risk factors for the ability of PPARδ agonists to promote tumorigenesis in the mammary gland. In this study, we describe a new(More)