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The Wilms' tumor suppressor gene ( WT1 ) was previously identified as being imprinted, with frequent maternal expression in human placentae and fetal brains. We examined the allele-specific expression of WT1 in cultured human fibroblasts from 15 individuals. Seven of 15 fibroblast lines were heterozygous for polymorphic alleles, and the expression patterns(More)
We have constructed mouse A9 hybrids containing a single normal human chromosome 15, via microcell-mediated chromosome transfer. Cytogenetic and DNA-polymorphic analyses identified mouse A9 hybrids that contained either a paternal or maternal human chromosome 15. Paternal specific expression of the known imprinted genes SNRPN (small nuclear(More)
In addition to silencing specific genes, small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection is also associated with the non-specific induction of inflammatory cytokines and type I interferon. Those so-called "off-target" effects have considerable implications for the interpretation of in vitro studies and clinical application of siRNA. The present study attempted(More)
BACKGROUND Genomic imprinting in mammals is thought to result from epigenetic modifications to chromosomes during gametogenesis, which leads to differential allelic expression during development. There is a requirement for an appropriate experimental system to enable the analysis of the mechanisms of genomic imprinting during embryogenesis. RESULTS To(More)
IL-27, a member of the IL-12 family of cytokines, plays an important and diverse role in the function of the immune system. Whilst generally recognized as an anti-inflammatory cytokine, in addition IL-27 has been found to have broad anti-viral effects. Recently, IL-27 has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 infection in CD4+ T cells and(More)
Interleukin (IL)-27, a member of the IL-12 cytokine family, plays an important and diverse role in the function of the immune system. We have previously demonstrated that IL-27 is an anti-viral cytokine which inhibits HIV-1, HIV-2, Influenza virus and herpes simplex virus infection, and enhances the potential of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generating(More)
OBJECTIVES After DNA or RNA virus infection, cytosolic foreign DNA or RNA derived from the infecting viruses is recognized by intracellular pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs) and induces activation of the innate immune system. Transfection of DNA has been used as an experimental model for DNA virus-mediated innate responses. We have previously reported(More)
A competitive indicator displacement assay has been successfully developed for the ratiometric determination of sulfhydryl-containing amino acids and peptides using heterobimetallic donor-acceptor complexes as chemodosimetric ensembles. Chromotropic cis-[ML2(CN)2](M = FeII, RuII, OsII; L = diimine) are used as signaling indicators and PtII(DMSO)Cl2 acceptor(More)
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