Hongyan Shuai

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Specificity and versatility in cyclic AMP (cAMP) signalling are governed by the spatial localisation and temporal dynamics of the signal. Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are important for shaping cAMP signals by hydrolyzing the nucleotide. In pancreatic β-cells, glucose triggers sub-plasma-membrane cAMP oscillations, which are important for insulin secretion, but(More)
ATP links changes in glucose metabolism to electrical activity, Ca2+ signalling and insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells. There is evidence that beta cell metabolism oscillates, but little is known about ATP dynamics at the plasma membrane, where regulation of ion channels and exocytosis occur. The sub-plasma-membrane ATP concentration ([ATP]pm) was(More)
Chronic palmitate exposure impairs glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and other aspects of β-cell function, but the underlying mechanisms are not known. Using various live-cell fluorescence imaging approaches, we show here that long-term palmitate treatment influences cAMP signaling in pancreatic β-cells. Glucose stimulation of mouse and human β-cells(More)
The islets of Langerhans contain different types of endocrine cells, which are crucial for glucose homeostasis. β- and α-cells that release insulin and glucagon, respectively, are most abundant, whereas somatostatin-producing δ-cells and particularly pancreatic polypeptide-releasing PP-cells are more scarce. Studies of islet cell function are hampered by(More)
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