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Acute and chronic toxicity of gambogic acid, a promising novel anticancer agent, was determined using albino mice and Beagle dogs as model animals. Histopathological examination and viscera parameter investigation were also carried out after autopsy. The LD50 of gambogic acid was found to be 45 approximately 96 mg/kg and the 95% confidence limit was(More)
The traditional Chinese medicine Scutellaria radix has been used for thousands of years, mainly for the treatment of inflammatory conditions including hepatitis. The major active constituent, wogonin (WG), isolated from S. radix has attracted increasing scientific attention in recent years due to its potent biological activities. However, pharmacologic(More)
Endostar, a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with an additional nine-amino acid sequence forming another his-tag structure, was approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China (SFDA) in 2005 for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of its potent anticancer(More)
Gambogic acid (GA) is a natural product with potent apoptotic activity. Here, we showed that GA broadly inhibited the growth of cancer cells that expressed wild-type p53 as determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazol-iumbromide assay, (3)H-thymidine incorporation analysis, and an in vivo mouse xenograft model. GA induced massive cell(More)
AIM To study the chronic toxicity of gambogic acid (GA), the major active ingredient of gamboges, a brownish to orange resin extracted from the Garcinia hanburyi (family Guttiferae) in Southeast Asia, using Sprague-Dawley rat as an animal model and provide further theoretical support for clinical applications of this promising natural anticancer agent. (More)
Cancer cell invasion is one of the crucial events in local spreading, growth, and metastasis of tumors. The present study investigated the antiinvasive and antimetastatic action of gambogic acid (GA) in MDA-MB-435 human breast carcinoma cells. GA caused a concentration-dependent suppression of cell invasion through Matrigel and significantly inhibited lung(More)
PURPOSE In this study, we investigated the correlation between p53 and bcl-2 in gambogic acid (GA)-induced apoptosis. METHOD MTT assay was employed to evaluate MCF-7 cell viability after GA treatment. Cell morphological changes were observed follow-up under the inverted microscope after GA withdrawal. To observe the cell apoptosis, DAPI staining was used.(More)
Oroxylin A, a naturally occurring monoflavonoid extracted from Scutellariae radix, exhibits anticancer activity and induces apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells according to our previous data. In this study, we investigate whether p53 is involved in oroxylin A-triggered viability inhibition and apoptosis induction in cancer cells. In a(More)
Multiple lines of evidence have demonstrated that gambogic acid (GA) is an efficient apoptosis inducing agent. However, the mechanisms of GA induced apoptosis have been controversial, despite the tremendous effort made during recent years. Here we report a novel mechanism through which GA induces cell apoptosis. Instead of dealing with tumor cells directly,(More)
The molecular mechanisms of wogonin-induced apoptosis of human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells are reported. Wogonin treatment resulted in significant inhibition of SMMC-7721 cells in a time-dependent and concentration-dependent manner. Typical morphological changes and apoptotic blebbing in SMMC-7721 cells were observed after treatment with 1x10(-4) mol/l wogonin(More)