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Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for brain development both before and after birth. We have used gene expression microarrays to identify TH-regulated genes in the fetal cerebral cortex prior to the onset of fetal thyroid function to better understand the role of TH in early cortical development. TH levels were transiently manipulated in pregnant mice by(More)
The molecular mechanisms involved in the response of developing mice to disruptions in maternal thyroid hormone (TH) homeostasis are poorly characterized. We used DNA microarrays to examine a broad spectrum of genes from the livers of mice rendered hypothyroid by treating pregnant mice from gestational d 13 to postnatal d 15 with 6-propyl-2-thiouracil in(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) is critical to normal brain development, but the mechanisms operating in this process are poorly understood. We used chromatin immunoprecipitation to enrich regions of DNA bound to thyroid receptor beta (TRbeta) of mouse cerebellum sampled on post natal day 15. Enriched target was hybridized to promoter microarrays (ChIP-on-chip)(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are extensively involved in diverse biological processes. However, very little is known about the role of miRNAs in mediating the action of thyroid hormones (TH). Appropriate TH levels are known to be critically important for development, differentiation and maintenance of metabolic balance in mammals. We induced transient hypothyroidism(More)
Furan is a widely used industrial chemical and a contaminant in heated foods. Chronic furan exposure causes cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular tumors in rats at doses of 2 mg/kg bw/day or greater, with gender differences in frequency and severity. The hepatic transcriptional alterations induced by low doses of furan (doses below those previously tested(More)
Disruption of thyroid hormone signalling can alter growth, development and energy metabolism. Thyroid hormones exert their effects through interactions with thyroid receptors that directly bind thyroid response elements and can alter transcriptional activity of target genes. The effects of short-term thyroid hormone perturbation on hepatic mRNA(More)
Despite the recognized importance of thyroid hormones for normal brain development, little is known about the critical molecular events underlying this role. We investigated the molecular basis of thyroid hormone action on the developing brain by comparing genome-wide gene expression patterns in the cerebellum between euthyroid and hypothyroid juvenile mice(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene transfer with recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vector for ischemia heart disease therapy is being increasingly studied. However, uncontrolled long-term expression of VEGF may cause some side effects. Therefore, an attempt to develop an effective gene control system for safeguarding against(More)
Although recent studies have found that HO-1 plays an important role in neuronal survival, little is known about the precise mechanisms occurring during cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective mechanisms of HO-1 against ischemic brain injury induced by cerebral I/R and to explore whether(More)
The distal cerebrospinal fluid-contacting neuron (dCSF-CN) is a peculiar type of neuron whose body is in the parenchyma of the brain and processes extend into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavity of the ventricle in the central nervous system. Because most of the dCSF-CNs are found in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) of the brainstem, we presume these(More)