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The first enzyme responsible for assimilating levoglucosan in Aspergillus niger CBX-209 was corroborated to be levoglucosan kinase that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to levoglucosan to yield a glucose 6-phosphate in the presence of magnesium ion and ATP by FAB-mass spectrometric method combined with previous observations from HPLC and(More)
Permafrost wetlands are important methane emission sources and fragile ecosystems sensitive to climate change. Presently, there remains a lack of knowledge regarding bacterial communities, especially methanotrophs in vast areas of permafrost on the Tibetan Plateau in Northwest China and the Sanjiang Plain (SJ) in Northeast China. In this study, 16S(More)
In order to understand the microbial communities in drinking water biofilms, both eukaryotic and bacterial communities in three faucet biofilms were characterized by 454 pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR approaches. Microbial assemblages of the biofilms were dominated by bacteria, with Sphingomonadales, Rhizobiales, and Burkholderiales comprising the(More)
Microorganism in drinking water distribution system may colonize in biofilms. Bacterial 16S rRNA gene diversities were analyzed in both water and biofilms grown on taps with three different materials (polyvinyl chloride (PVC), stainless steel, and cast iron) from a local drinking water distribution system. In total, five clone libraries (440 sequences) were(More)
The acid hydrolysis of cellulosic pyrolysate to glucose and its fermentation to ethanol were investigated. The maximum glucose yield (17.4%) was obtained by the hydrolysis with 0.2 mol sulfuric acid per liter pyrolysate using autoclaving at 121 degrees C for 20 min. The fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae of a hydrolysate medium containing 31.6 g/l(More)
Zoige wetland is one of the most important methane emission centers in China. The oxidation of methane in the wetland affects global warming, soil ecology and atmospheric chemistry. Despite their global significance, microorganisms that consume methane in Zoige wetland remain poorly characterized. In this study, we investigated methanotrophs diversity in(More)
A preliminary antimicrobial disk assay of chloroform, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol extracts of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) leaf extracts showed that the n-butanol fraction exhibited the most significant antimicrobial activities against seven bacteria species, four yeasts, and four molds. Eight phenolic compounds were isolated from the n-butanol soluble(More)
To understand the impacts of different plumbing materials on long-term biofilm formation in water supply system, we analyzed microbial community compositions in the bulk water and biofilms on faucets with two different materials-polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and cast iron, which have been frequently used for more than10 years. Pyrosequencing was employed to(More)
Alkaline pectin lyase (PNL) shows potential as a biological control agent against several plant diseases. We isolated and characterized a new Bacillus clausii strain that can produce 4,180 U/g of PNL using sugar beet pulp as a carbon source and inducer. The PNL was purified to apparent homogeneity using ultrafiltration, ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE(More)