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H9N2 influenza A viruses have become established worldwide in terrestrial poultry and wild birds, and are occasionally transmitted to mammals including humans and pigs. To comprehensively elucidate the genetic and evolutionary characteristics of H9N2 influenza viruses, we performed a large-scale sequence analysis of 571 viral genomes from the NCBI Influenza(More)
Fecal samples from Ruddy Shelduck, Tadorna ferruginea, were screened microscopically for Cryptosporidium oocysts. Five samples out of 148 ones (3.38%) were confirmed to be positive. DNA was extracted individually from positive samples and used for PCR amplification of SSU rDNA and HSP70 gene loci. The obtained PCR products were cloned in E. coli (TG1(More)
Avian influenza virus H5N1 causes widespread infection in the birds and human respiratory tract, but existing vaccines and drug therapy are of limited value. Here we show that small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) specific for conserved regions of the viral genome can potently inhibit influenza virus production in cell lines, embryonated chicken eggs and BALB/c(More)
Leptospiral putative outer membrane proteins (OMPs) are likely to be essential components of more effective vaccines. Recently completed genomic sequences of Leptospira allowed us to target putative OMPs for the development of recombinant vaccines. We focused on 12 putative OMPs that had no homology with other organisms listed in the NCBI database except(More)
Rhodococcus equi is a major cause of pneumonia in domestic animals, especially foals, and an opportunistic pathogen of immunocompromised humans (1). Control of R. equi infections in horses has relied on early detection of subclinical pulmonary disease and treatment with antimicrobial drugs before development of clinical signs (2). However, the onset of(More)
Cryptosporidium infections in cattle result in considerable'economic loss as well as a significant source for zoonotic infection. This study was devoted to spot analysis on Cryptosporidium parasites derived from dairy cattle at Kafr El Sheikh Province, Egypt, using morphological and molecular tools. Fecal specimens from neonatal calves as well as adult(More)
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) was firstly discovered in China in 2010, followed by several reports from many other countries worldwide. SFTS virus (SFTSV) has been identified as the causative agent of the disease and has been recognized as a public health threat. This novel Bunyavirus belongs to the Phlebovirus genus in the family(More)
In this study, 336 bats of eight species were collected during 2004-2007 in six provinces of Southern China. Antibodies against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) were detected by ELISA in 43 of 336 (12.8%) serum samples. Among those ELISA-positive samples, 11 serum samples had neutralizing antibodies against JEV. No JEV was detected in brain and liver(More)
Animal leptospirosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases in the United States and around the world. In a previous study, we applied four recombinant antigens, rLipL21, rLoa22, rLipL32 and rLigACon4-8 of Leptospira interrogans (L. interrogans) for the serological diagnosis of equine leptospirosis (Ye et al, Serodiagnosis of equine leptospirosis by(More)
The continuing outbreaks of avian influenza A H5N1 virus infection in Asia and Africa have caused worldwide concern because of the high mortality rates in poultry, suggesting its potential to become a pandemic influenza virus in humans. The transmission route of the virus among either the same species or different species is not yet clear. Broilers and(More)