Hongxiao Song

Learn More
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major liver disease that ultimately develops into chronic hepatitis. Consequently, such patients are predisposed to serious complications, such as hepatocellular carcinoma. In HCV-infected patients, impaired T-cell responses are associated with persistent infection. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play a(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause persistent infection and chronic liver disease, and viral factors are involved in HCV persistence. HCV core protein, a highly conserved viral protein, not only elicits an immunoresponse, but it also regulates it. In addition, HCV core protein interacts with toll-like receptors (TLRs) on monocytes, inducing them to produce(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are increased in patients with chronic hepatitis C, which may contribute to the sustained suppression of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific T-cell responses and viral persistence in HCV-infected individuals. We postulated that HCV core protein (HCVc) directly contributes to the expansion of Tregs in(More)
This study was conducted to establish pig embryonic stem (ES)-like cell lines from nuclear transfer blastocysts. A green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing cell line was used as the source of donor cells injected into the enucleated oocytes. Blastocysts were collected at D5 (the fifth day), D7 (the seventh day) and D9 (the ninth day). Differential(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recent studies reveal the accumulation of myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) following HCV infection, which may facilitate and maintain HCV persistent infection. The mechanisms by which HCV induces MDSCs are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can cause chronic hepatitis B, which may lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. Type I interferon (IFN) is an approved drug for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. However, the fundamental mechanisms of antiviral action by type I IFN and the downstream signaling pathway are unclear. TRIM25 is an IFN-stimulated gene (ISG) that has an(More)
Interferon (IFN) is a regularly utilized therapeutic for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B and appears to induce superior HBeAg seroconversion comparing nucleos/tide analogs. However, the mechanisms underlying IFN inhibition of HBV replication, as well as poor responses to IFN are unclear. Apobec3G has been reported to be involved in regulating HBV(More)
Brucellosis is caused by infection with Brucella species and exhibits diverse clinical manifestations in infected humans. Monocytes and macrophages are not only the first line of defense against Brucella infection but also a main reservoir for Brucella. In the present study, we examined the effects of Brucella infection on human peripheral monocytes and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS HBV infection represents a major health problem worldwide, but the immunological mechanisms by which HBV causes chronic persistent infection remain only partly understood. Recently, cell subsets with suppressive features have been recognised among monocytes and natural killer (NK) cells. Here we examine the effects of HBV on monocytes(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) establishes persistent infection in most infected patients, and eventually causes chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma in some patients. Monocytes and macrophages provide the first line of defense against pathogens, but their roles in HCV infection remains unclear. We have reported that HCV core protein (HCVc)(More)
  • 1