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Recent evidence indicates that small noncoding RNA molecules known as microRNAs (miRNAs) can function as tumor suppressors and oncogenes. Mutation, misexpression, and altered mature miRNA processing are implicated in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Because SNPs in pre-miRNAs could alter miRNA processing, expression, and/or binding to target mRNA, we(More)
microRNAs (miRNA) are a new class of non-protein-coding, small RNAs that function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. They participate in diverse biological pathways and function as gene regulators. Recently, we conducted a survey of common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in miRNA sequences and reported that, among four SNPs (rs2910164, rs2292832,(More)
In total, 335 serum samples were collected from rabbits from two farms in Gansu province, China, and tested for anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV) antibody using EIA and for HEV RNA using nested RT- PCR with ORF2 primers. The overall prevalence of anti-HEV antibody and HEV RNA was 57.0% (191/335) and 7.5% (25/335), respectively. The positivity rate of HEV RNA in(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. To identify genetic factors that modify the risk of lung cancer in individuals of Chinese ancestry, we performed a genome-wide association scan in 5,408 subjects (2,331 individuals with lung cancer (cases) and 3,077 controls) followed by a two-stage validation among 12,722 subjects (6,313(More)
X-ray repair cross complementing group 1 (XRCC1) is one of the major DNA repair proteins involved in the base-excision repair pathway. Functional Polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene may lead to decreased DNA repair capacity and thus confer inherited predisposition to cancer risk. In this case-control study of 710 patients with incident lung cancer and 710(More)
Gastric cancer, including the cardia and non-cardia types, is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. To identify genetic risk variants for non-cardia gastric cancer, we performed a genome-wide association study in 3,279 individuals (1,006 with non-cardia gastric cancer and 2,273 controls) of Chinese descent. We replicated significant(More)
Overexpression of MDM2 may attenuate the P53 stress response pathway through direct blocking of P53 transcriptional activity and mediating P53 degradation. Two promoter polymorphisms (one is a T to G substitution at the intronic P53-response promoter, and the other is a 40-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism in the constitutive promoter) were identified, and(More)
PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) plays critical roles in cancer development and aggression. Nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the functional domain of the MMP-9 gene may influence substrate and inhibitor binding and contribute to cancer predisposition and aggression. PATIENTS AND METHODS To test our hypothesis that common(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have found a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs2274223 A>G) in PLCE1 to be associated with risk of gastric adenocarcinoma. In the present study, we validated this finding and also explored the risk associated with another unreported potentially functional SNP (rs11187870 G>C) of PLCE1 in a(More)
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) plays an important role in maintaining genome stability. Defects in MMR genes have been involved in several types of sporadic and hereditary cancers. hMLH1 is considered one of central members of the MMR pathway. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to investigate associations of common variations in the hMLH1 gene and(More)