Hongwen Dai

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A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the stability of Cd and/or Pb accumulation in shoot of Cd and Pb pollution-safe cultivars (PSCs), the hereditary pattern of shoot Cd accumulation, and the transfer potentials of Cd and Pb in water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.). A typical Cd-PSC, a typical non-Cd-PSC (Cd accumulative cultivar), a hybrid from(More)
This paper presents novel cache optimizations for massively parallel, throughput-oriented architectures like GPUs. L1 data caches (L1 D-caches) are critical resources for providing high-bandwidth and low-latency data accesses. However, the high number of simultaneous requests from single-instruction multiple-thread (SIMT) cores makes the limited capacity of(More)
On-chip caches are commonly used in computer systems to hide long off-chip memory access latencies. To manage on-chip caches, either software-managed or hardware-managed schemes can be employed. State-of-art accelerators, such as the NVIDIA Fermi or Kepler GPUs and Intel's forthcoming MIC “Knights Landing” (KNL), support both software-managed(More)
Cultivars of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) differ widely in their fruit cadmium (Cd) concentrations. Previously, we suggested that low-Cd cultivars are better able to prevent the translocation of Cd from roots to aboveground parts, but the corresponding mechanisms are still unknown. In this study, we aimed to improve understanding of the root(More)
Cadmium (Cd) contamination in agricultural products presents a threat to humans when consumed. Sweet potato is the world's seventh most important food crop. The aims of this study were to screen for low-Cd sweet potato cultivars and clarify the mechanisms of low-Cd accumulation in edible roots. A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the variation of(More)
The reasons why some cultivars of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) accumulate low levels of Cd are poorly understood. We aimed to compare the characteristics of Cd uptake and translocation in low-Cd and high-Cd hot pepper cultivars by determining the subcellular locations and chemical forms of Cd, and its distribution among different plant organs. We(More)
Cultivars of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) vary greatly in their fruit cadmium (Cd) concentration. Previously, we identified a low-Cd (YCT) and a high-Cd (JFZ) cultivar. In this study, we elucidated the physiological mechanisms resulting in the differences in their Cd accumulation. A time-dependent and concentration-dependent hydroponic experiment was(More)
The high amount of memory requests from massive threads may easily cause cache contention and cache-miss-related resource congestion on GPUs. This paper proposes a simple yet effective performance model to estimate the impact of cache contention and resource congestion as a function of the number of warps/thread blocks (TBs) to bypass the cache. Then we(More)
Caches are universally used in computing systems to hide long off-chip memory access latencies. Unlike CPUs, massive threads running simultaneously on GPUs bring a tremendous pressure on memory hierarchy. As a result, the limitation of cache resources becomes a bottleneck for a GPU to exploit thread-level parallelism (TLP) and memory-level parallelism (MLP)(More)