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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous noncoding RNAs (∼22 nt) that regulate target gene expression at the post-transcriptional level in the cytoplasm. Recent discoveries of the presence of miRNAs and miRNA function-required argonaute family proteins in the cell nucleus have prompted us to hypothesize that miRNAs may also have regulatory functions in the cell(More)
The combination of nanotechnology and molecular biology has developed into an emerging research area: nanobiotechnology. Magnetic nanoparticles are well-established nanomaterials that offer controlled size, ability to be manipulated externally, and enhancement of contrast in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). As a result, these nanoparticles could have many(More)
BACKGROUND The highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus can infect a variety of animals and continually poses a threat to animal and human health. While many genotypes of H5N1 virus can be found in chicken, few are associated with the infection of mammals. Characterization of the genotypes of viral strains in animal populations is important to(More)
We report on the use of dopamine (DA) as a robust molecular anchor to link functional molecules to the iron oxide shell of magnetic nanoparticles. Using nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) as the functional molecule, we created a system with an M/Fe2O3-DA-NTA (M = Co or SmCo5.2) nanostructure, which possesses high stability and specificity for separating(More)
Water-soluble Au-Fe3O4 heterostructured nanoparticles with high biocompatibility were synthesized and applied as a dual modality contrast agent. These nanoparticles present strong CT/MRI contrast enhancement in a rabbit model. Low concentrations of Au-Fe3O4 were found to obtain a similar effect to high concentrations of a commercial iodine agent in the CT(More)
Sequential addition of sulfur and Cd(acac)2 into the colloid solution of FePt nanoparticles ( approximately 2.5 nm) under a reductive environment generates heterodimers of CdS and FePt with sizes of approximately 7 nm. The heterodimers exhibit both superparamagnetism and fluorescence, indicating that the discrete properties of the individual parts of the(More)
Using Nalpha,Nalpha-bis(carboxymethyl)lysine to react with FePt magnetic nanoparticles, we synthesized the FePt-NTA conjugate, which immobilizes Ni2+ ions and selectively binds to histidine-tagged proteins at concentration as low as 0.5 pM. This simple system serves as a useful alternative to existing protocols for protein separation and also acts as a(More)
We report a facile synthesis of bifunctional Fe3O4-Ag(125)I heterodimers for use as dual-modality imaging agents in magnetic resonance (MR) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). We introduced (125)I, which is a clinically used radioisotope, as a SPECT reporter, into Fe3O4-Ag heterodimer nanoparticles to provide a new type of bifunctional(More)