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We describe a wideband version of the Fast Multipole Method for the Helmholtz equation in three dimensions. It unifies previously existing versions of the FMM for high and low frequencies into an algorithm which is accurate and efficient for any frequency, having a CPU time of O(N) if low-frequency computations dominate, or O(N log N) if high-frequency(More)
A procedure is reported for the compression of rank-deficient matrices. A matrix A of rank k is represented in the form A = U • B • V , where B is a k × k submatrix of A, and U , V are well-conditioned matrices that each contain a k × k identity submatrix. This property enables such compression schemes to be used in certain situations where the singular(More)
A long-standing area of materials science research has been the study of electrostatic, magnetic, and elastic fields in composites with densely packed inclusions whose material properties differ markedly from that of the background. While powerful tools exist for dilute suspensions, accurate calculations in the close-to-touching case have been carried out(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in single-channel currents of large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BK(Ca) channels) in cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of rats after 1-week simulated microgravity. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to tail-suspension (SUS) to simulate cardiovascular deconditioning(More)
Myxoid liposarcoma displays variably aggressive behavior and responds poorly to available systemic therapies. Expression profiling followed by tissue microarray validation linked to patient outcome is a powerful approach for validating biological mechanisms and identifying prognostic biomarkers. We applied these techniques to independent series of primary(More)
The atrioventricular node (AVN) can act as a subsidiary cardiac pacemaker if the sinoatrial node fails. In this study, we investigated the effects of the Na-Ca exchange (NCX) inhibitor KB-R7943, and inhibition of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA), using thapsigargin or cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), on spontaneous action potentials (APs) and(More)
1 The disease is at present incurable once it has metastasized, and most deaths from this disease are due to metastases that are highly resistant to current conventional therapies. Prostate cancer is considered a multifocal disease that generally consists of a dominant cancer and one or more concurrent cancers of smaller volume with different histological(More)
The atrioventricular node (AVN) is a key component of the cardiac pacemaker-conduction system. This study investigated the electrophysiology of cells isolated from the AVN region of adult mouse hearts, and compared murine ionic current magnitude with that of cells from the more extensively studied rabbit AVN. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of ionic(More)