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Cryptochromes (CRY) are photolyase-like blue-light receptors that mediate light responses in plants and animals. How plant cryptochromes act in response to blue light is not well understood. We report here the identification and characterization of the Arabidopsis CIB1 (cryptochrome-interacting basic-helix-loop-helix) protein. CIB1 interacts with CRY2(More)
The involvement of calcium and calcium-activated calmodulin (Ca(2+)-CaM) in heat shock (HS) signal transduction in wheat (Triticum aestivum) was investigated. Using Fluo-3/acetoxymethyl esters and laser scanning confocal microscopy, it was found that the increase of intracellular free calcium ion concentration started within 1 min after a 37 degrees C HS.(More)
Plant photoreceptors mediate light suppression of the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1 (CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1) to affect gene expression and photomorphogenesis. However, how photoreceptors mediate light regulation of COP1 activity remains unknown. We report here that Arabidopsis blue-light receptor cryptochrome 1 (CRY1) undergoes blue-light-dependent(More)
Cryptochromes are blue light receptors that mediate light regulation of gene expression in all major evolution lineages, but the molecular mechanism underlying cryptochrome signal transduction remains not fully understood. It has been reported that cryptochromes suppress activity of the multifunctional E3 ubiquitin ligase CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1(More)
Chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) have been reported to have anticancer activity, immuno-enhancing effect and antimicrobial activity. However, other biological activities are unknown. Herein, we investigated the protective effects of COS against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced oxidative damage on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC, ECV304(More)
Cryptochromes (CRY) are blue-light receptors that mediate various light responses in plants. The photoexcited CRY molecules undergo several biophysical and biochemical changes, including electron transfer, phosphorylation and ubiquitination, resulting in conformational changes to propagate light signals. Two modes of CRY signal transduction have recently(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that heat acclimation and exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and abscisic acid (ABA) may lead to the enhancement of thermotolerance in plants. In this study, the roles that free SA, conjugated SA, ABA, and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2))-specific phospholipase C (PLC) play in thermotolerance development induced by heat(More)
PP7 is the first protein Ser/Thr phosphatase to be found to interact with calmodulin (CaM) in plants. The T-DNA insertion AtPP7 knockout line and AtPP7 overexpression lines were employed to study the specific function of AtPP7. The AtPP7 knockout impaired the thermotolerance of Arabidopsis seedlings while the overexpression of AtPP7 resulted in plants with(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) mediates light control of flowering time. CIB1 (CRY2-interacting bHLH 1) specifically interacts with CRY2 in response to blue light to activate the transcription of FT (Flowering Locus T). In vitro, CIB1 binds to the canonical E-box (CACGTG, also referred to as G-box) with much higher affinity than its interaction(More)