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Knowledge is indispensable to understanding. The ongoing information explosion highlights the need to enable machines to better understand electronic text in human language. Much work has been devoted to creating universal ontologies or taxonomies for this purpose. However, none of the existing ontologies has the needed depth and breadth for universal(More)
Microfacet models have proven very successful for modeling light reflection from rough surfaces. In this paper we review microfacet theory and demonstrate how it can be extended to simulate transmission through rough surfaces such as etched glass. We compare the resulting transmission model to measured data from several real surfaces and discuss appropriate(More)
Most text mining tasks, including clustering and topic detection, are based on statistical methods that treat text as bags of words. Semantics in the text is largely ignored in the mining process, and mining results often have low interpretability. One particular challenge faced by such approaches lies in short text understanding, as short texts lack enough(More)
We describe an automated three-axis BRDF measurement instrument that can help increase the physical realism of computer graphics images by providing light scattering data for the surfaces within a synthetic scene that is to be rendered. To our knowledge, the instrument is unique in combining wide angular coverage (beyond 85° from the surface normal), dense(More)
Subsurface scattering is a fundamental aspect of surface appearance responsible for the characteristic look of many materials. Monte Carlo path tracing techniques can be employed with high accuracy to simulate the scattering of light inside a translucent object, albeit at the cost of long computation times. In a seminal work, Jensen et al. [JMLH01](More)
In this paper we propose a simple and effective fuzzy color image edge detection algorithm. This novel algorithm is different from other color image edge detection algorithms which are based on image enhancement technology, it detect fuzzy edge based on diminishing width of fuzzy edge. It overcomes some disadvantages of the fuzzy edge detection algorithms(More)